Social trust and the efficiency in the implementation of public policies: evidence from China’s new rural pension scheme
(2.Center for Public Economy & Public Policy Research, Chongqing University)
【Abstract】Based on the new type of the rural social endowment insurance policy that was tried out in 2009, this paper used CFPS 2016 data and examined the impact of the level of social trust on rural residents’ participation in China’s new rural pension scheme. The results showed that the level of social trust played a significant role in promoting rural residents’ participation in the new rural pension scheme. The probability of residents who had a high level of social trust and participated in this scheme was 13.9% higher than that of residents with a low level of social trust. In order to avoid the estimation errors caused by omitted variables, the study constructed a quasi-natural experiment of “cross-reference treatment” between the husband and the wife to check the effect of the difference in the trust level on the participation behavior of the husband and the wife. The conclusion again supported that the difference in the level of social trust, rather than other possible omitted variables, led to the difference in the behaviors of rural residents. Finally, this study used the altruistic evaluation of the respondents as an instrument variable of social trust, and the results were still robust. The conclusion of the study showed that the level of social trust was an important soft environment for the implementation of public policies in rural areas. A high level of social trust was conducive to increasing the probability of public participation in public affairs, thus improving the efficiency in the implementation of public policies.
【Keywords】 social trust; new rural pension; public policy;
(Translated by CHEN Danni)
. ① The author would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions. Of course, the author is responsible for this. [^Back]
. ① The calculation expression of marginal effect of social trust level is as follows:, the average marginal effect is 0.157 by using the estimation coefficient of Column (2). [^Back]
. ② In the sample of this paper, the average participation rate of the new rural cooperative medical insurance is 93%, while the average participation rate of the new rural pension scheme is 62%. [^Back]
. ① According to the family financial person code in the questionnaire, this paper selects the family financial person as the family decision-maker, and takes its social trust level as the key explanatory variable. [^Back]
. ② Similarly, in view of whether having participated in the new rural cooperative medical insurance or not, this paper uses the family participation rate of the new rural cooperative medical insurance as the explained variable for the regression, and the social trust level of family financial decision-makers is significant at the level of 1%, with a coefficient of 0.014. [^Back]
. ① See the last row of Table 1 for variable setting and related statistical characteristics. [^Back]
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