Evolution and optimization path of farmland protection policies during China’s 40-year reform and opening-up

LIU Dan 1 GONG Qianwen 1,2 YANG Wenjie

(1.Research Center for Green Development and Land Issues in Rural China, Beijing Forestry University)
(2.School of Marxism, Beijing Forestry University)

【Abstract】Farmland protection is of the top priority as far as national stability and people’s wellbeing are concerned. Farmland protection policies play important roles in ensuring farmland protection. In this study, statistical analysis and comparative analysis are carried out to analyze changes in China’s farmland resources and how China’s farmland protection policies have evolved during China’s 40 years of reform and opening-up. The direction and path for optimizing farmland protection policies are investigated. The following is found through this study. During its 40-year reform and opening-up, China has experienced alternate increase and decrease of farmland quantity at different stages while farmland quality has deteriorated significantly. The process through which China’s farmland protection policies evolve can be divided into five stages, namely, proposal of conceptual policies, systematic policy exploration, primary and systematic policy development, systematic policy improvement, and three-in-one policy enhancement, based on the following milestones: the promulgation and revisions of Land Management Law of the People’s Republic of China, and the formulation of Notice on Comprehensively Intensifying the Development and Management of Farmland Quality to Improve Farmland Protection (关于提升耕地保护水平全面加强耕地质量建设与管理的通知). During the evolution of farmland protection policies, the following changes have been gradually completed. Previously, only the government was aware of farmland protection. Now farmland protection has become the will of the state. The focus has changed from simply treating the symptoms of farmland issues to systematically removing the root causes. The governance of farmland protection used to be dominated by the government. Today, multiple entities jointly participate in the governance of farmland protection. As far as farmland protection policies are concerned, improvements can still be made in the policy system, innovation, and execution. Therefore, the authors propose the following. In terms of the dominant party in farmland protection, the government should be replaced by farmers. A model in which the government guides, farmers dominate, and firms participate in farmland protection, should be established. Organic unification of policies for protecting and utilizing farmland should be promoted. A platform for managing big data of farmland resources which have consistent monitored parameters should be developed. Special fund should be established exclusively for farmland protection.

【Keywords】 reform and opening-up; farmland protection policy; trend of evolution; characteristics of different stages; optimization path;

【DOI】

【Funds】 the National Social Science Fund of China (16CJY044) the National Social Science Fund of China (18BGL173)

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(Translated by ZHANG Wei)

    Footnote

    [1]. ① Please refer to National Bureau of Statistics (eds.). International Statistical Yearbook (国际统计年鉴). Beijing: China Statistics Press, (2016). [^Back]

    [2]. ① Source: website of the Ministry of Natural Resources of the People’s Republic of China, 访谈严之尧: 坚持和完善最严格的耕地保护制度, http://www.mlr.gov.cn/zxft/2011/yzyft/. [^Back]

    [3]. ② Source: the Ministry of Natural Resources of the People’s Republic of China, Communique on China Land and Resources (2016中国国土资源公报), http://www.mnr.gov.cn/sj/tjgb/201807/P020180704391918680508.pdf. [^Back]

    [4]. ① Source: the Ministry of Agriculture of the People’s Republic of China, 2016 National Farmland Quality Monitoring Report (2016年全国耕地质量监测报告), (2017), http://country.cnr.cn/gundong/20170901/t20170901_523929664.shtml. [^Back]

    [5]. ② Source: the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China and the Ministry of Land and Resources of the People’s Republic of China, Communique on National Survey of Soil Pollution (全国土壤污染状况调查公报), (2014), http://www.mlr.gov.cn/xwdt/jrxw/201404/t20140417_1312998.htm. [^Back]

    [6]. ③ Please refer to: China Geological Survey (eds.). Report on Geochemistry of China’s Farmland (中国耕地地球化学调查报告), (2015), http://www.cgs.gov.cn/xwl/ddyw/201603/t20160309_302254.html. [^Back]

    [7]. ① Source: Department of Comprehensive Statistics of the National Economy, National Bureau of Statistics. Collection of Statistical Information on the People’s Republic of China over Fifty Years (新中国五十年统计资料汇编). Beijing: China Statistics Press, (1999). [^Back]

    [8]. ② Please refer to: the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, and Fishery & National Land Management Bureau. Joint Notice on Strictly Controlling Farmland Occupation during Agricultural Structural Adjustments (关于在农业结构调整中严格控制占用耕地的联合通知), (1986). [^Back]

    [9]. ③ Please refer to National Bureau of Statistics of China (eds.). The People’s Republic of China Over Fifty Years: 1949–1999 (新中国五十年: 1949~1999). Beijing: China Statistics Press, (2005). [^Back]

    [10]. ① Source: National Bureau of Statistics of China (eds.). China Statistical Yearbook (中国统计年鉴). Beijing: China Statistics Press, (2005). [^Back]

    [11]. ① Source: from the website of the Ministry of Natural Resources of the People’s Republic of China, http://www.mlr.gov.cn/xwdt/jrxw/201711/t20171114_1673072.htm. [^Back]

    [12]. ① Source: the Ministry of Natural Resources of the People’s Republic of China (eds.). Communique on China Land Resources of 2012–2017 (中国国土资源公报), http://www.mnr.gov.cn/sj/. [^Back]

    [13]. ② Source: http://www.chinanews.com/house/2013/12-31/5680947.shtml. [^Back]

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This Article

ISSN:1002-8870

CN: 11-1262/F

Vol , No. 12, Pages 37-51

December 2018

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Abstract

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Trends of changes in farmland quantity and quality over 40 years of reform and opening-up
  • 3 Evolution of farmland protection policies over 40 years of reform and opening-up
  • 4 Path to optimizing China’s farmland protection policies
  • Footnote

    References