Evolution and optimization path of farmland protection policies during China’s 40-year reform and opening-up
(2.School of Marxism, Beijing Forestry University)
【Abstract】Farmland protection is of the top priority as far as national stability and people’s wellbeing are concerned. Farmland protection policies play important roles in ensuring farmland protection. In this study, statistical analysis and comparative analysis are carried out to analyze changes in China’s farmland resources and how China’s farmland protection policies have evolved during China’s 40 years of reform and opening-up. The direction and path for optimizing farmland protection policies are investigated. The following is found through this study. During its 40-year reform and opening-up, China has experienced alternate increase and decrease of farmland quantity at different stages while farmland quality has deteriorated significantly. The process through which China’s farmland protection policies evolve can be divided into five stages, namely, proposal of conceptual policies, systematic policy exploration, primary and systematic policy development, systematic policy improvement, and three-in-one policy enhancement, based on the following milestones: the promulgation and revisions of Land Management Law of the People’s Republic of China, and the formulation of Notice on Comprehensively Intensifying the Development and Management of Farmland Quality to Improve Farmland Protection (关于提升耕地保护水平全面加强耕地质量建设与管理的通知). During the evolution of farmland protection policies, the following changes have been gradually completed. Previously, only the government was aware of farmland protection. Now farmland protection has become the will of the state. The focus has changed from simply treating the symptoms of farmland issues to systematically removing the root causes. The governance of farmland protection used to be dominated by the government. Today, multiple entities jointly participate in the governance of farmland protection. As far as farmland protection policies are concerned, improvements can still be made in the policy system, innovation, and execution. Therefore, the authors propose the following. In terms of the dominant party in farmland protection, the government should be replaced by farmers. A model in which the government guides, farmers dominate, and firms participate in farmland protection, should be established. Organic unification of policies for protecting and utilizing farmland should be promoted. A platform for managing big data of farmland resources which have consistent monitored parameters should be developed. Special fund should be established exclusively for farmland protection.
【Keywords】 reform and opening-up; farmland protection policy; trend of evolution; characteristics of different stages; optimization path;
(Translated by ZHANG Wei)
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