Analysis of social identity of the rural old-age security model of “rearing children for old age” and new rural social endowment insurance system

WANG Zengwen1,2 Antoinette Hetzler3

(1.School of Public Administration, Nanjing University of Finance & Economics)
(2.Center for Social Investigation, South China Agricultural University)
(3.Institute of Sociology, Lund University)

【Abstract】Have the welfare effects and social identity of new rural social endowment insurance system gone beyond the traditional old-age security model of “rearing children for old age” since its implementation? This paper, based on the survey data of 38 counties in 15 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) in China, conducts the empirical analysis for the social identity of “rearing children for old age” and traditional mutual support security model provided by the clan network, and new rural social endowment insurance system. The study finds that there are “differentiated identity,” “wavering identity” and “entrenched identity,” and the last one is dominant. The authors explore the key factors causing the different social identity of “rearing children for old age” and traditional mutual-support model provided by the clan network and new rural social endowment insurance system: the amount of pension funds received after 60 years old, benefit difference between the new rural social endowment insurance system, traditional “rearing children for old age” and mutual-support model provided by the clan network, input level of local governments, relief degree of pension costs and improvement of living conditions. These factors show Chinese rural residents’ immediate orientation of group diversity and benefit objective in the social identity of new rural social endowment insurance system. In view of this, this paper argues that the key in improving the rural residents’ social identity of new rural social endowment insurance system is to increase the “horizontal” coverage and substitution rate of system.

【Keywords】 new rural social endowment insurance system; rearing children for old age; social identity; clan network;

【DOI】

【Funds】 National Natural Science Foundation of China (71373118) Philosophy and Social Science Foundation of Universalities in Jiangsu Province (2015SJB141)

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(Translated by ZHONG yehong)

    Footnote

    [1]. ① In the fourth part, this paper finds that there are three effects for rural residents of the new rural social endowment insurance system, “rearing children for old age” and mutual support security model provided by the clan network: “differentiated identity,” “wavering identity” and “entrenched identity.” The so-called “differentiated identity” means that the new rural social endowment insurance system is in a dominant position since it is implemented. The rural residents tend to rely on the new rural social endowment insurance system, and less rely on “rearing children for old age” and mutual support security model provided by the clan network; the “wavering identity” means that the rural residents do not have any tendency in choosing the old-age security model, and their decisions depend on the actual benefits from different models; and the “wavering identity” means that the rural residents still choose the traditional model of “rearing children for old age” and mutual support security model provided by the clan network. [^Back]

    [2]. ① Fifteen provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) include seven provinces (municipality) in the eastern region (Jiangsu, Shanghai, Shandong, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian and Jiangxi); three provinces in the central region (Hubei, Hunan and Henan); and five provinces (autonomous region and municipality) in the western region (Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan and Tibet). [^Back]

    [3]. ② The “number of household in clan network” refers to the total number of father, mother, father’s brothers and sisters, mother’s brothers and sisters, spouse, spouse’s father, brothers and sisters of spouse’s father, spouse’s mother, brothers and sisters of spouse’s mother, brothers and sisters of respondent, spouse’s brothers and sisters. [^Back]

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This Article

ISSN:1002-8870

CN: 11-1262/F

Vol , No. 07, Pages 46-56

July 2015

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Data sources and descriptive statistics
  • 3 Research hypothesis, model building and variable selection
  • 4 Analysis of rural residents’ social identity of new rural social endowment insurance system
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Footnote

    References