The classification of family livelihood transition stages of migrant workers in the process of new-type urbanization and its application
(2.School of Business Administration, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law)
(3.School of Public Administration, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law)
【Abstract】This article aims to divide the transition process of livelihood of migrant workers’ families and analyze the behavioral logic and resource allocation characteristics of migrant workers’ families in the process of new-type urbanization in China from the perspective of family livelihood transition. The study examines the economic correlation between migrant workers’ families and rural areas from two dimensions of employment and residence. Based on the degree of correlation, the transition process of livelihood of migrant workers can be divided into an initial stage, an intermediate stage and a later stage. Afterwards, this method of stage division is used to identify the livelihood transition of 717 migrant workers’ family samples in Hubei and Guangdong. It finds that, in different stages of livelihood transition, obvious differences exist in the logic of family economic behavior, the allocation of family members in urban and rural areas, the utilization mode of housing and land, and the spatial flow of household income.
【Keywords】 new-type urbanization; migrant worker’s family; livelihood transition; stage division;
(Translated by HAN Xueting)
. ① 马克思恩格斯选集 (Vol. 1). Beijing: People’s Publishing House, (1972). [^Back]
. ② In this paper, family production refers to the production activities carried out by family members, including not only the production or business activities organized within the family, but also the labor services provided by family members to other organizations and units to obtain wages and remuneration. [^Back]
. ① Either it is to pay for the daily expenses of family members in the town, or to have family independent residence in the town, migrant workers’ families are required to have a considerable amount of economic resources to support. However, for most migrant workers, the ability to obtain income in cities and towns is difficult to meet this requirement in the short term. [^Back]
. ① http://www.gd.gov.cn/gkmlpt/content/0/146/post_146621.html [^Back]
. ② http://www.hubei.gov.cn/xxgk/zfxxgkml/ghjh/zfgzbg/201803/t20180307_1259821.shtml [^Back]
. ③ http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/zxfb/201804/t20180427_1596389.html [^Back]
. ① In this paper, the concurrent production mode of both working and farming only refers to one situation, that is, every employed family member both works and farms. [^Back]
. ② With the emergence of the new generation of migrant workers, their consumption habits are quite different from those of the old generation of migrant workers, which may bring new changes to the spatial flow of migrant workers’ family income in the initial stage. This problem needs further attention and research. [^Back]
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