Space reconstruction under collaborative governance
(2.College of Humanities and Development Studies, China Agricultural University )
【Abstract】Poverty alleviation by relocation is one way to combat poverty in deep poverty-stricken areas, and its function depends on effective governance. On the basis of the space poverty theory, the study concluded that the essence of poverty alleviation by relocation was to transform spatial factors of poverty and to realize space reconstruction of the livelihood of the poor. Based on the investigation to a poverty alleviation program by relocation in a deep poverty-stricken village in Shanxi Province, the paper examined poverty alleviation by relocation in practice. Successful experience of migrant villages showed that space reconstruction under collaborative governance was a feasible approach specifically in the following three aspects. The first aspect concerned the synergy between the government and the migrant community. The government created conditions for the migrant community to shake off poverty through the space transfer, capacity support, and resource guidance. Under the leadership of endogenous authority, the migrant community activated its potential for poverty alleviation. Through space reconstruction, the government and migrant communities built long-term poverty alleviation mechanisms, and the overall poverty of the community had been alleviated. The second aspect was the synergy between migrant communities. Through spatial reorganization of resources among communities, the quality of community livelihood capital was enhanced, and the sustainability of community development was improved. The third aspect was coordination within migrant communities. Based on the relationship network and social trust within the communities, the creation of community space helped each other and alleviated some individual poverty within the communities. In the end, under the coordinated management of all parties, poverty alleviation by relocation could be successfully achieved. This study believed that in addition to synergy between government and community in the promotion of poverty alleviation by relocation, it was also necessary to strengthen coordination with capital.
【Keywords】 spatial reconstruction; collaborative governance; capacity support; endogenous power;
. ① http://www.xinhuanet.com/politics/19cpcnc/2017-10/27/c_1121867529.htm [^Back]
. ② http://politics.people.com.cn/GB/16468855.html [^Back]
. ① According to academic practice, specific village names are pseudonyms. [^Back]
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