Forty years of research on villagers’ self-governance: theoretical perspective and development trend

MU Liangze1

(1.China Urban-Rural Development Institute of Shanxi University)

【Abstract】As one of the three great creations of Chinese farmers since the reform and opening up, villagers’ self-governance has made great achievements in the fields of rural economic construction, political construction, cultural construction and social construction, attracting scholars to carry out extensive research. In the era strategy of rural rejuvenation, the rural areas are effective governance. Based on interdisciplinary, muti-disciplinary and mulch-angle research, this paper selects four perspectives of autonomy, self-governance, democracy and governance to sort out the research and research results of villages’ self-governance for 40 years. The paper holds that the connotation of villagers’ self-governance, which has undergone practical innovation, theoretical renewal and disputes from all sides, can be summarized and further promoted as follows: villagers’ self-governance means that the rural society, based on the tradition of self-governance, achieves effective governance under the condition of autonomy, democracy is the guarantee to achieve good governance. In promoting the strategy of rural revitalization, the realization of villagers’ self-governance for effective governance is the requirement of practical innovation of villagers’ self-governance, the end-result of theoretical research on villagers’ self-governance, and the trend of practical development and theoretical promotion of villagers’ self-governance.

【Keywords】 villagers’ self-governance research; rural revitalization; effective governance;

【DOI】

【Funds】 project of National Social Science Fund (17FZZ003) Innovative Talent Support Project of Shanxi Higher Education Institutions

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    Footnote

    [1]. ① Karl Polanyi believes that the market economy has experienced the development process of market disengagement from society to market re-embedding into society. [^Back]

    [2]. ① In his writings, Fei Xiaotong has a lot of discussion on the contradiction between “words to the countryside” and the local society. For example, he said that Chinese society is local from the view of the grassroots; the Chinese language does not happen at the grassroots level; the earliest words are for temple use, and until now they are not something for the people in the countryside. However, “I am not saying that we do not have to promote the words to go to the countryside. In the process of modernization, we have begun to leave the local society, and words are a tool for modernization.” See Fei, X. From the Soil: the Foundations of Chinese Society (乡土中国: 生育制度). Beijing: Peking University Press, 22–23, 17 (1998). [^Back]

    [3]. ① See Deng, X. Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping (邓小平文选), Vol. 3. Beijing: People’s Publishing House, 220, 242 (1993). [^Back]

    [4]. ② See Peng, Z. Selected Works of Peng Zhen (彭真文选). Beijing: People’s Publishing House, 608 (1991). [^Back]

    [5]. ① See the State Council and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. People’s Daily (人民日报), (2017-6-13). [^Back]

    [6]. ② See the State Council and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. People’s Daily (人民日报), (2017-6-13). [^Back]

    [7]. ① See Xi, J. People’s Daily (人民日报), (2017-10-28). [^Back]

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This Article

ISSN:1006-4583

CN: 11-3586/F

Vol , No. 06, Pages 2-11

November 2018

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Abstract

  • 1 Autonomy perspective of villagers’ self-governance
  • 2 Self-governance perspective of villagers’ self-governance
  • 3 Democratic perspective of villagers’ self-governance
  • 4 Governance perspective of villagers’ self-governance
  • 5 Trend of development: villagers’ self-governance with effective governance
  • Footnote

    References