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Impacts of caring for grandchildren on physical and mental health of middle and old-aged persons: an empirical study based on CHARLS Data

WU Peicai1

(1.The Institute of Population and Labor Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

【Abstract】Using two waves of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) data, this paper analyzes the impacts of skip-generation raising on grandparents’ health and examines influence mechanisms. The study conducts a propensity score matching analysis, a sub-sample analysis and an intensity analysis for robust check. The results have indicated that skip-generation raising has some positive impacts on grandparents’ health, especially for female ones or those in rural areas. It has also found that strengthening contact with friends, enhancing physical exercises and receiving more economic support from their children are important mechanisms that exert influence on their physical and mental health. It has indicated that the proper use of human capital of middle and old-aged persons can help work towards active ageing.

【Keywords】 skip-generation raising; depression; physical dysfunction; inter-generational support;


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    [1]. ① The results of the one-to-one matching show that most of the propensity matches are within the common range, indicating that when the propensity matching is performed, the sample loss is small. Based on this, this paper adopts the method of one-to-four matching to increase the matching efficiency. [^Back]

    [2]. ① Confined to the length of the paper, the results of the propensity score estimation and the balance test in the next paragraph are not given, and available upon request. [^Back]


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This Article


CN: 11-3586/F

Vol , No. 04, Pages 117-131

July 2018


Article Outline


  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Theoretical analysis
  • 3 Introduction of the empirical method and data
  • 4 Empirical results and analysis
  • 5 Mechanism tests for the impact of skip-generation raising on the health of middle-aged and elderly people
  • 6 Conclusions and discussions
  • Footnote