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【摘要】本文基于2013年和2015年中国健康与养老追踪调查数据, 分析了隔代抚养对城乡中老年人身心健康的影响及作用路径, 并利用倾向得分匹配估计、分样本估计和隔代抚养强度分析等方法进行了稳健性检验。研究发现, 过去一年内照料孙子女的经历对城乡中老年人的身心健康有积极影响, 且对女性中老年人和农村中老年人影响更大;隔代抚养对中老年人健康的影响主要通过增加中老年人的社会交际、锻炼次数和从子女处获得的净转移支付来实现。在老龄化愈来愈严重的背景下, 有效利用中老年人力资源, 充分发挥中老年人的积极作用, 有助于中国实现积极老龄化。

【关键词】 隔代抚养;抑郁;身体功能障碍;代际支持;


Impacts of caring for grandchildren on physical and mental health of middle and old-aged persons: an empirical study based on CHARLS Data

WU Peicai1

(1.The Institute of Population and Labor Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

【Abstract】Using two waves of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) data, this paper analyzes the impacts of skip-generation raising on grandparents’ health and examines influence mechanisms. The study conducts a propensity score matching analysis, a sub-sample analysis and an intensity analysis for robust check. The results have indicated that skip-generation raising has some positive impacts on grandparents’ health, especially for female ones or those in rural areas. It has also found that strengthening contact with friends, enhancing physical exercises and receiving more economic support from their children are important mechanisms that exert influence on their physical and mental health. It has indicated that the proper use of human capital of middle and old-aged persons can help work towards active ageing.

【Keywords】 skip-generation raising; depression; physical dysfunction; inter-generational support;


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    [1]. ① The results of the one-to-one matching show that most of the propensity matches are within the common range, indicating that when the propensity matching is performed, the sample loss is small. Based on this, this paper adopts the method of one-to-four matching to increase the matching efficiency. [^Back]

    [2]. ① Confined to the length of the paper, the results of the propensity score estimation and the balance test in the next paragraph are not given, and available upon request. [^Back]


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This Article


CN: 11-3586/F

Vol , No. 04, Pages 117-131

July 2018


Article Outline


  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Theoretical analysis
  • 3 Introduction of the empirical method and data
  • 4 Empirical results and analysis
  • 5 Mechanism tests for the impact of skip-generation raising on the health of middle-aged and elderly people
  • 6 Conclusions and discussions
  • Footnote