Transformation of agricultural production mode promoted by Internet Plus: an exploration based on the perspective of Marxist political economics

ZHOU Shaodong1

(1.School of Economics, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics)

【Abstract】Classic Marxist writers divided the agricultural production mode in history into three forms: the small-scale mode of agricultural production, the capitalist mode of agricultural production and the socialist mode of agricultural production. As it was not easy to realize socialized large-scale production in the agricultural production process, the small-scale mode of agricultural production did not develop into the capitalist mode of agricultural production that was predicted by classic writers. Based on the analysis framework of productivity—the production mode—production relations, we put forward in the paper that Internet Plus as a new form of productivity changed the way that laborers and means of production combined with each other in agricultural production, which not only helped to solve the problem of capital supervising labor in the agricultural enterprise operating model, but also improved the economies of scale in the agricultural household operating model. It might also compensate for the difficulty in achieving specialization and the vertical labor division in the agricultural production process through product innovation and the expanding of social division of labor. The developing direction of socialist agriculture was to surpass the small-scale mode of agricultural production technically, and to turn into a new production mode that was different from capitalist agriculture in terms of the production mode and land ownership at the same time.

【Keywords】 mode of production; Internet Plus agriculture; agricultural management mode; social division of labor;


【Funds】 the National Social Science Fund of China (15BJL061) Jiangsu “333” High-level Cultivation Program Science and Technology Innovation Teams of Qinglan Project of Jiangsu Province the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD)

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    [2]. ① Marx, K. and Engels, F. The Complete Works of Marx and Engels (Volume 19) (马克思恩格斯全集). Beijing: People’s Publishing House, 451 (1972). [^Back]

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    [5]. ① As a farmer famous for growing grain in Chongqing City, Liang Ziran once rent 10,600 mu of paddy field from 2632 farmers in Zhutuo Town to grow rice. But he faced the difficulty of high labor cost throughout the course. The designed intensive model failed to solve the problem, and he finally went bankrupt in 2012 after three years, with a loss of more than CNY 2 million. See China Business Times (中华工商时报), (2013–10–28). [^Back]

    [6]. ② Data source: Announcement from the Office of Ministry of Agriculture on Recommending 116 Cost Decreasing and Effect Increasing Application Modes on Agricultural Internet of Things,, 2015. [^Back]

    [7]. ① Source: Farmers’ Daily (农民日报), (2015–12–8). [^Back]

    [8]. ② These principles mainly refer to the principles of cooperatives that originate from the Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers in 1844, including the three basic principles, the democratic control of the organization, a limited interest on share capital and the return on member’s interests being in proportion to the member’s patronage. [^Back]

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This Article


CN: 11-3586/F

Vol , No. 06, Pages 75-85+97

November 2016


Article Outline



  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 The general and special modes of agricultural production
  • 3 Transformation of the agricultural production mode promoted by Internet Plus
  • 4 Conclusions and research outlook
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