The development of rural governance models and recent innovations
【Abstract】Although villagers’ self-governance is the basic institution in rural China over the past 30 years, diversified models of rural governance have been witnessed in recent years. This paper analyzes the development of three new social forces in rural governance in addition to “1+N” governance system and horizontal division of powers, namely, natural villagers groups, clan authorities and other civil organizations. These three types of social forces have played different roles in governance, leading to different governance models. Since the beginning of the 21st century, the original village-level governance unit in some rural areas has been broken or reconstructed and villagers group autonomy, district management and other new rural governance models have appeared, making the rural governance model more diversified. This article concludes that the diversity of rural governance models has further promoted the development of rural governance by highlighting villagers’ rights and dominant position.
【Keywords】 villagers’ self-governance; rural governance; models; diversity;
. ① See Article IV of The Organic Law of the People’s Republic of China for Villagers Committee, China Legal Publishing House, (2010). [^Back]
. ① See Article IX of Working Rules of Rural Grassroots Organizations of the Communist Party of China, China Fangzheng Press, June 1, 2004. [^Back]
. ① See Notice on Further Improving the Election of Villagers’ Committees issued by General Office of the CCCPC and the General Office of the State Council, http: //www.china.com.cn/pages/txt/2002-08/18/content_5190357.htm [^Back]
. ① See Opinions of the Central Committee of the CPC and the State Council Concerning Several Policies on Promoting the Increase of Farmers’ Income, http://news.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2004-02/08/content_1303656.htm [^Back]
. ② Data source: No. 33 document issued by Qingyuan Committee of the CPC and Qingyuan government , Opinion of Qingyuan Committee of the CPC and Qingyuan Government on the Improvement of Village-level Grassroots Organizations to Promote the Comprehensive Rural Reform (Trial), http://zwgk.gd.gov.cn/ 007299674/201212 / t20121215_358504.html [^Back]
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