Management of farmland on a certain scale and the remodeling of rural structure of social stratum: a sociological study on the cultivation of new agricultural management entities

ZHAO Xiaofeng1 ZHAO Xiangyun2

(1.School of Humanities & Social Development, Northwest Agricultural & Forest University)
(2.Research Center for Rural Society, Northwest Agricultural & Forest University)

【Abstract】This paper comparatively analyzed three typical cases of management of farmland on a certain scale. It found that in the cultivation of new agricultural management entities, multiple-interests groups had different resource endowments. For sake of having complementary advantages, they were found to form a complex relationship network of absorption-attachment, which resulted in re-stratification in rural society. This remodeling was manifested in two forms. With regard to management of agricultural production on a certain scale, backbone and ordinary farmers were found to stand in a weak position in an accelerating process of social re-stratification. With regard to management of agricultural services on a certain scale, rural elites had become the mainstay in providing service, and backbone and ordinary farmers as the mainstay in agricultural production. The benefits were shared by multiple groups. The latter form thus indicated that the mode of small-scale production still had its developing potential, and management of agricultural services on a certain scale was found to be in accordance with China’s national condition at the current stage.

【Keywords】 new agricultural management entities; management of farmland on a certain scale; the structure of social stratum;

【DOI】

【Funds】 the National Social Science Fund of China (16BSH117)

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    Footnote

    [1]. ① http://www.moa.gov.cn/fwllm/qgxxlb/xj/201501/t20150124_4348916.htm [^Back]

    [2]. ② In this paper, farmland generally refers to rural land. It is collective land contracted by rural families for management. According to relevant laws and regulations, farmers own the contractual right to land and their management rights to land can be transferred. [^Back]

    [3]. ③ Small-scale farmers in this paper refer to backbone and ordinary farmers. [^Back]

    [4]. ① Marx, K. in Selected Works of Marx and Engels (Vol. 1) (马克思恩格斯选集(第1卷)). Beijing: People’s Publishing House, (1972). [^Back]

    [5]. ② Marx, K. in Selected Works of Marx and Engels (Vol. 1) (马克思恩格斯选集(第1卷)). Beijing: People’s Publishing House, (1972). [^Back]

    [6]. ① The cooperative is established with the secretary of the CPC branch in the village as a legal representative, aiming to impel land transfer smoothly. After all land of the village is transferred to Shangang Eco-agricultural Science and Technology Co., Ltd. and to seven large grain producers, the cooperative becomes a shell, and its functions and influences will gradually decrease. [^Back]

    [7]. ① Marx, K. in Selected Works of Marx and Engels (Vol. 1) (马克思恩格斯选集(第1卷)). Beijing: People’s Publishing House, (1972). Engels, F. in Marx, K. & Engels, F. Selected Works of Marx and Engels (Vol. 4) (马克思恩格斯选集(第4卷)). Beijing: People’s Publishing House, (1972). [^Back]

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This Article

ISSN:1006-4583

CN: 11-3586/F

Vol , No. 06, Pages 55-66+85+96

November 2016

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Multiple-interests groups in management of farmland on a certain scale and their action logic
  • 3 Remodeling of the rural structure of social stratum
  • 4 Conclusions and discussion
  • Footnote

    References