The spatial distribution of people living on minimum subsistence allowance in China and its determinants

GAO Xiangdong1 WANG Jing1 WANG Xinxian1

(1.School of Public Administration, East China Normal University)

【Abstract】Based on data of the people living on minimum subsistence allowance, the paper analyzes the spatial distribution and its determinants using spatial statistical analysis method. The study finds the following results. (1) The people living on minimum subsistence allowance are distributed more in the eastern regions than in the western regions. Those in southeast regions account for 83.5% in total. Yet, the proportion of population receiving the allowance is higher in the western regions and lower in the eastern regions. The proportion is 10.9% in the northwest of Hu Line and 3.9% in the southeast. (2) The size and relative share of the allowance receivers decrease in general, and the total population size decreases from west to east. The proportion in the western regions tends to increase, which makes the center of gravity of the subsistence allowance move to the northwest. (3) There is a strong positive spatial correlation in the relative share of allowance receivers, and the trend of spatial agglomeration is weakening. The hot-spot areas of the rate coincide highly with concentrated contiguous poverty-stricken areas and most of them are located in the northwest of the Hu Line. The cold-spot areas are concentrated in the eastern coastal areas from Tangshan to Leizhou Peninsula on the north coast of the Bohai Bay, where local economies are more developed. (4) The rate of allowance receivers is higher in areas with higher altitude, and GDP per capita and education per capita have a significantly negative impact on the allowance rate.

【Keywords】 people living on minimum subsistence allowance; spatial distribution; spatial-temporal change; influencing factors;

【DOI】

【Funds】 The National Social Science Fund of China (15ZDC035)

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    Footnote

    [1]. ① Fourteen concentrated contiguous poverty-stricken areas are included in National Program for Rural Poverty Alleviation (2011–2020) published by Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development of the State Council. Because county-level data in some regions of Tibet and three prefectures in southern Xinjiang are missing, this study only counts the other 12 regions except these two regions. [^Back]

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This Article

ISSN:1000-7881

CN: 11-1043/C

Vol , No. 04, Pages 56-65+127

August 2019

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Data and methodology
  • 3 Distribution characteristics and changes of people living on minimum subsistence allowance in China
  • 4 Empirical analysis of the influencing factors of the distribution of people living on minimum subsistence allowance in China
  • 5 Main conclusions and discussions
  • Footnote

    References