Poverty intergenerational transmission in the ethnic Yi: current situation and influencing factors
(2.Collaborative Innovation Center for Security and Development of Western Frontier China, Sichuan University)
【Abstract】Yi people are mainly distributed in Tibetan-Yi-Corridor and Wumeng destitute areas. The characteristics of Yi poverty are wide in range, deep in degree, long-lasting and intergenerational transmitted. Intergenerational transmission of poverty is an extreme form of chronic poverty. Based on the data of Yi Chronic Poverty Questionnaire Survey in 2018, this paper analyzes the current situation, influence factors and mechanism of Yi ethnic group’s poverty intergenerational transmission. It is found that the incidence of poverty intergenerational transmission is very high in communities concentrated with Yi people. Human capital of two generations significantly affects the intergenerational transmission of poverty. The stock of human capital adversely affects the intergenerational transmission of poverty. Poverty of parents can transmit negative human and economic capital to their children, and these kinds of capital will form the children’s capital. Non-agricultural and part-time employment of the offspring can also increase the incidence of poverty intergenerational transmission.
【Keywords】 ethnic Yi areas in Sichuan and Yunnan; poor households; intergenerational transmission; human capital;
. ① The National Bureau of Statistics. http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/zxfb/201902/t20190215_1649231.html. [^Back]
. ① The State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development. http://www.cpad.gov.cn/art/2012/3/19/art_50_23706.html. [^Back]
. ① Under the targeted poverty alleviation policy that China is implementing, considerable resources are provided for poor households. Children in rural households that were poor in the parents’ generation, have greater access to non-agricultural employment, acquire more income channels, and benefit a lot from the poverty alleviation policy. However, children in rural households that were not poor in the parents’ generation have less access to resources due to poverty alleviation policy’s arrangement on resource distribution. [^Back]
1. Chen, W. & Yang, Y. Gansu Social Sciences (甘肃社会科学), (4) (2010).
2. Guo, X. & Zhou, Q. Chinese Journal of Population Science (中国人口科学), (4) (2017).
3. Li, C. & Hu, Y. Research on Financial and Economic Issues (财经问题研究), (3) (2017).
4. Li, Y. & Cui, H. Journal of Zhaotong University (昭通学院学报), (2) (2016).
5. Lin, M. & Zhang R. Journal of Agrotechnical Economics (农业技术经济), (1) (2012).
6. Liu, J. et al. Journal of Finance and Economics (财经研究), (12) (2017).
7. Wang, J. & Wei, H. Population Journal (人口学刊), (5) (2015).
8. Wang, Z. & Liu, T. Rural Economy (农村经济), (5) (2016).
9. Xu, H. Reform of Economic System (经济体制改革), (3) (2016).
10. Yang, A. & Zhang, J. Journal of Tibet University (Social Science Edition) (西藏大学学报(社会科学版)), (1) (2016).
11. Zhang, L. China Population, Resources and Environment (中国人口·资源与环境), (6) (2013).
12. Zhang, W. Rural Economy (农村经济), (3) (2016).
13. Zhu, J. Research in Educational Development (教育发展研究), (3) (2016).
14. Zou, W. & Cheng, B. Chinese Journal of Population Science (中国人口科学), (5) (2017).
15. Boggess, S., Corcoran, M. and Jenkins, S. P. (1999), Cycles of Disadvantage?. Wellington Institute of Policy Studies.
16. Corcoran, M. (2001), Mobility, Persistence, and the Consequences of Poverty for Children: Child and Adult Outcomes. In Understanding Poverty. pp. 127–161.
17. Currie, A., Shields, M. A. and Price, S. W. (2007), The Child Health/Family Income Gradient: Evidence from England. Journal of Health Economics. 26(2): 213–232.
18. Horii, R. and Sasaki, M. (2012), Dual Poverty Trap: Intra-and Intergenerational Linkages in Frictional Labor Markets. Journal of Public Economic Theory. 14(1): 131–160.
19. Li, M. (2015), Chronic Exposure of Grandparents to Poverty and Body Mass Index Trajectories of Grand Children: A Prospective Intergenerational Study. American Journal of Epidemiology. 181(3): 163–170.
20. Rodgers, J. R. (1995), An Empirical Study of Intergenerational Transmission of Poverty in the United States. Social Science Quarterly. 76(1): 178–194.