Poverty intergenerational transmission in the ethnic Yi: current situation and influencing factors

WANG Zhuo1 SHI Yue2

(1.Faculty of Social Development and Western China Development Studies, Sichuan University)
(2.Collaborative Innovation Center for Security and Development of Western Frontier China, Sichuan University)

【Abstract】Yi people are mainly distributed in Tibetan-Yi-Corridor and Wumeng destitute areas. The characteristics of Yi poverty are wide in range, deep in degree, long-lasting and intergenerational transmitted. Intergenerational transmission of poverty is an extreme form of chronic poverty. Based on the data of Yi Chronic Poverty Questionnaire Survey in 2018, this paper analyzes the current situation, influence factors and mechanism of Yi ethnic group’s poverty intergenerational transmission. It is found that the incidence of poverty intergenerational transmission is very high in communities concentrated with Yi people. Human capital of two generations significantly affects the intergenerational transmission of poverty. The stock of human capital adversely affects the intergenerational transmission of poverty. Poverty of parents can transmit negative human and economic capital to their children, and these kinds of capital will form the children’s capital. Non-agricultural and part-time employment of the offspring can also increase the incidence of poverty intergenerational transmission.

【Keywords】 ethnic Yi areas in Sichuan and Yunnan; poor households; intergenerational transmission; human capital;


【Funds】 The National Social Science Fund of China (16AMZ012)

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    [1]. ① The National Bureau of Statistics. http://www.stats.gov.cn/tjsj/zxfb/201902/t20190215_1649231.html. [^Back]

    [2]. ① The State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development. http://www.cpad.gov.cn/art/2012/3/19/art_50_23706.html. [^Back]

    [3]. ① Under the targeted poverty alleviation policy that China is implementing, considerable resources are provided for poor households. Children in rural households that were poor in the parents’ generation, have greater access to non-agricultural employment, acquire more income channels, and benefit a lot from the poverty alleviation policy. However, children in rural households that were not poor in the parents’ generation have less access to resources due to poverty alleviation policy’s arrangement on resource distribution. [^Back]


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This Article


CN: 11-1043/C

Vol , No. 03, Pages 103-113+128

June 2019


Article Outline


  • 1 Research background
  • 2 Surveyed areas and data source
  • 3 Variables
  • 4 Result analysis
  • 5 Conclusions and policy suggestions
  • Footnote