Migrants’ intentions of settlement and hukou transfer and their determinants
【Abstract】Based on the data of the dynamic monitoring survey of floating population in 2017, this paper compares the settlement intention and hukou transfer intention of floating population by using the case of Pearl River Delta. It finds that significantly fewer migrants are willing to transfer their hukou as compared with those who are willing to settle down. This gap can be attributed mainly to their individual life stages, land-related assets in the origin and social integration in destination cities. Migrants aged 40 or above have a higher intention to get local hukou in order to get access to urban welfare and public services. The impossibility of this prospect would probably lead to an immediate return migration. The land-related assets back at hometown offered economic security, which encourages them to work and live in cities more stably. The difficulty of owning house in the urban areas and the homestead in rural areas contribute to decreasing migrants’ intention to transfer hukou. The impacts of social integration on settlement and hukou transfer are different. The economic integration significantly enhances the settlement intention, whereas the social and psychological integration is more effective in promoting the hukou transfer intention.
【Keywords】 settlement intention; hukou transfer intention; floating population; Social integration; Pearl River Delta;
. ① National New-Style Urbanization Plan 2014–2020, Opinions of the State Council on Further Promotion of Reform of the Household Registration System, and Several Opinions of the State Council on Further Promotion of the Construction of New-Type Urbanization all set clear requirements. [^Back]
. ② According to the National New-Style Urbanization Plan 2014–2020, the difference between two rates in 2012 was 17.30 percentage points. Statistics show that in 2015 and 2016, the difference between two rates dropped to 16.20 and 16.15 percentage points, respectively, and rose to 16.17 percentage points in 2017. [^Back]
. ① Opinions of the State Council on Further Promotion of Reform of the Household Registration System. [^Back]
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