Population mobility, human capital and urban size gap

GAO Chunliang1 LI Shantong2

(1.Nanjing University of Finance & Economics)
(2.Department of Development Strategy and Regional Economics, Development Research Center of the State Council)

【Abstract】By distinguishing specialized and general human capital, this paper brings the structure of human capital in Ramsey utility function, and finds that urban convenience affects the transformation of accumulated human capital, the location effect in human capital upgrading, and the cumulative effect of enlarging urban scale gap. Based on the sample data of 272 cities from 2003 to 2016, this paper finds that the location strategy targeting at achieving stock growth and structural optimization is the main reason for the enlarging urban population size gap. Urban convenience promotes the transformation of human capital accumulation, and enlarges the gap of urban scale. This paper argues that the improvement of urban convenience plays an important role in urban development. The requirements of human capital growth and structure optimization can be satisfied by improving the service system oriented by human capital, improving the environment, and enhancing the convenience of medium-sized cities, which will be conductive to changing decision about location and promoting the regional coordinative development.

【Keywords】 population mobility; human capital; urban size gap;


【Funds】 National Natural Science Foundation of China (71774076)

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(Translated by Wei Yang)


    [1]. ① http://www.drcnet.com.cn/www/int/ [^Back]

    [2]. ② ③ The data are calculated based on China Urban-Rural Construction Statistical Yearbook over the years. [^Back]

    [3]. ① http://www.nhc.gov.cn/wjw/xwdt/201812/ [^Back]

    [4]. ① Due to space limitations, the derivation process is omitted. [^Back]

    [5]. ① https://data.worldbank.org.cn/indicator/ [^Back]

    [6]. ① Japanese data are from http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/nenkan/68nenkan/index.html; and the U.S. data are from www.bea.gov and https://www.biggestuscities.com. [^Back]


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This Article


CN: 11-1043/C

Vol , No. 03, Pages 40-52+127

June 2019


Article Outline


  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Literature review
  • 3 Theoretical model
  • 4 Empirical test
  • 5 Further discussions
  • 6 Main conclusions
  • Footnote