A study on the effects of higher education population on urbanization: empirical evidence from 287 cities at and above the prefecture level in China
(2.School of Economics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology)
【Abstract】Based on the panel data of 287 cities at and above the prefecture level in China during 1999–2015, this paper examined the effects of higher education population on urbanization. The results show that, (1) because of the congestion effects, it is not a simple positive linear relationship between higher education and urbanization. The direct effect of higher education population on urbanization is positive in small and medium-sized cities, but it is significantly reduced or even turns into negative in large and ultra-large cities. The indirect effect of higher education population on urbanization is positive, but it decreases with the expansion of city scale. (2) From the view of regional disparity, compared with the cities in the central and western regions, the effects are more prominent in the eastern cities. The paper urges policy initiatives to improve the positioning of urban development, encourage college graduates to work in small and medium-sized cities, control the congestion effects of large and ultra-large cities strictly, and distribute higher education resources rationally, so as to give full play to the positive role of higher education population on urbanization.
【Keywords】 city size; congestion effect; higher education population; urbanization; panel data;
(Translated by Wei Yang)
. ① It includes the number of graduates of the current year, and the same as below. [^Back]
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