Concordance of the preferred and the actual living arrangements among Chinese elderly and its influencing factors
【Abstract】Based on the data of 2005 and 2014 Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, this paper studied the concordance of preferred and actual living arrangements for Chinese elderly and its influencing factors. It has found that while living alone (with or without their spouses) increases, living with children declines over time but remains the mainstream. The proportion of the elderly living in unwilling arrangements increases. The concordance between preferred and actual living arrangements is affected by self-independence, financial support from children, the level of economic development and urbanization. (1) The elderly who are older, with spouses, having more children, having self-care ability, positive in attitude, owning the housing, residing in rural areas, or living in provinces with high GDP per capita and low urbanization rate are more likely to have higher concordance of living alone. The impacts of number of children, financial support from children, and GDP per capita increase over time. On the contrary, the impact of urbanization declines. (2) The elderly who are younger, without spouses and self-care ability, positive in attitude, good in self-assessed economic status, not owning the housing, or residing in urban areas are more likely to have higher concordance in living with their children. The impacts of spouse, self-care ability, chronic diseases, GDP per capita increase over time. Yet, the impact of rural elderly and urbanization decreases. (3) The elderly without spouse, having chronic diseases, having financial support from children, or residing in urban areas are more likely to have higher concordance of living in institutions. It becomes harder for rural residents to have this concordance.
【Keywords】 aging; preferred living arrangements; actual living arrangements; China;
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