Impact of China’s export on the employment structure in the destinations’ enterprises: based on the sample of enterprises in the export destinations

WEI Hao1 ZHANG Yupeng1 LIAN Huijun1

(1.Business School, Beijing Normal University)

【Abstract】Using data of more than 40,000 enterprises in 68 export destinations during the period from 2007 to 2016, this paper examines the impact of China’s export on the employment structure of enterprises in export destinations. The results are as follows. (1) China’s export reduces the employment size of the enterprises in export destinations, but it promotes the employment structure upgrading. (2) China’s export plays a greater role in optimizing the employment structure of enterprises in low- and middle-income countries, non-OECD countries and the countries away from the Belt and Road. Moreover, the effect is especially salient for the enterprises of smaller size and with no international quality certification. The export of intermediate goods has greater effects than that of capital goods or consumption goods. (3) From the perspective of enterprises’ innovations, independent innovations of enterprises in low- and middle-income countries have strengthened the optimization effect of China’s export on the employment structure. (4) The impact of export differs by countries, in which China’s case is special.

【Keywords】 China’s export; export destinations; employment structure in terms of skill; high-skilled labor;


【Funds】 the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71473020)

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(Translated by LI shushu)


    [1]. ① [^Back]

    [2]. ② The calculation is based on the World Development Indicators database provided by the World Bank. [^Back]

    [3]. ① As the latest data provided by the Barro-Lee database about the per capita years of education are the data of the year of 2015, the 2016 data are estimated by the interpolation method. [^Back]

    [4]. ① In Model 5 and Model 6 of Table 1, the control variable about enterprise size is changed into the respondent’s answer about enterprise size, which is a categorical variable. The value of this variable is 1 for small enterprises, 2 for medium-sized enterprises and 3 for large enterprises. [^Back]

    [5]. ① In the World Bank’s Enterprise Surveys database, enterprises are classified in accordance with the number of employees (including regular employees and casual employees). The enterprises with five to 19 employees are small ones, those with 20 to 99 employees are medium-sized enterprises, and those with more than 100 employees are large enterprises. [^Back]


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This Article


CN: 11-1043/C

Vol , No. 01, Pages 16-32+126

February 2019


Article Outline


  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Econometric model and data description
  • 3 Empirical results and analysis
  • 4 Extended analysis
  • 5 Conclusion and policy suggestions
  • Footnote