A study on the social distance of floating population under double segmentation

WANG Guixin1 HU Jian2

(1.Population Research Institute, Fudan University)
(2.Huatai securities research institute)

【Abstract】Based on data of the national sample survey of floating population in 2014, this paper compares the social distances between floating population and local urban residents from the perspectives of urban-rural and regional double segmentation. The findings of the study are as follows. (1) the social distance differs significantly between various groups of floating population and urban residents. This is especially severer between provincial rural migrants and urban residents. (2) The regional segmentation is significantly greater than the urban-rural segmentation regarding the social distance between migrants and urban residents. (3) The urban-rural and regional double segmentation has a superimposed effect on the social distance between the floating population and urban residents. (4) The higher socioeconomic status and social participation help the floating population to narrow down their social distance from the urban residents. In order to promote the social integration of the floating population in the urban areas, it is vital to promote reforms of the dual social system related with the household registration system, enhance the regional inclusiveness, improve public services for the floating population, and to speed up the citizenization of floating population.

【Keywords】 urban and rural separation; regional segmentation; floating population; social distance; group differences;


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    [1]. ① Variable assignment: 1 = totally agree, 2 = basically agree, 3 = disagree, 4= totally disagree; social distance = ∑2i (sdi × 0.5), sdi represent the two data values. [^Back]

    [2]. ② Crosstab analysis results all passed the significance test of 1%. [^Back]

    [3]. ③ This paper reclassifies the original data. In terms of the educational level, those who have not attended school or primary school are classified as primary school and below, those who have attended junior high school or senior high school are classified as secondary school, and those who have attended college or above are classified as junior college and above. [^Back]


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This Article


CN: 11-1043/C

Vol , No. 06, Pages 43-54+127

December 2018


Article Outline


  • 1 Social distance between urban floating population and urban residents: theoretical framework
  • 2 Group difference investigation on the social distance between city floating population and city residents in the city
  • 3 Econometric analysis of the social distance influence of the urban-rural and regional double segmentation on the floating population
  • 4 Main conclusion and enlightenment
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