Interaction between population mobility and economic growth: a case study of Chongqing
【Abstract】Based on economic convergence model and its derivatives, this paper examines the relationship between population mobility and economic growth in Chongqing and its five functional districts by using 2000–2013 panel data. The results show that there exists interactive relationship between population mobility and economic growth, and this interaction is rendered as mutual inhibition. The restrain from economic growth to population mobility shows smaller effect than the reverse. In the sparsely populated areas, economic growth is promoted by population mobility, and in the densely populated areas, economic growth is driven by investment. Therefore, government has to regulate population mobility to achieve sustainable economic growth.
【Keywords】 population mobility; economic growth; economic convergence; Chongqing Municipality; five functional districts;
. ① The five functional districts of Chongqing Municipality consist of urban function core district (including the whole Yuzhong District and the areas within the inner ring of five districts: Dadukou, Jiangbei, Shapingba, Jiulongpo and Nan’an, covering about 294 km2); urban function extended district (including the areas outside the inner ring of Dadukou District, Jiangbei District, Shapingba District, Jiulongpo District and Nan’an District and the whole Beibei District, Yubei District, Banan District covering about 5179 km2); urban new development district (including Fuling District, Changshou District, Jiangjin District, Hechuan District, Yongchuan District, Nanchuan District, Dazu District, Qijiang District, Tongliang County, Tongnan County, Rongchang County, Bishan County, Wansheng Economic and Technological Development Zone and Shuangqiao Economic and Technological Development Zone, covering about 23,200 km2); the ecological conservation development districts in northeast of Chongqing (including 11 districts and counties such as Wanzhou District, Liangping County, Chengkou County, Fengdu County, Dianjiang County, Zhong County, Kai County, Yunyang County, Fengjie County, Wushan County, Wuxi County, covering about 33,900 km2); the ecological protection development districts in southeast of Chongqing (including 6 districts and counties (or autonomous counties) such as District, Shizhu County, Xiushan County, Youyang County, Wulong County, Pengshui County (autonomous county), covering about 19,800 km2). [^Back]
. ① Regulations of Chongqing Municipality on Population and Birth Control (No. 32  announcement of the Standing Committee of Chongqing People’s Congress) [^Back]
. ① Opinions of Chongqing Municipal People’s Government on Coordinating the Reform of Residence Registration System in Urban and Rural Areas, No. 78  issued by Chongqing Municipal Government. [^Back]
. ② Data about the five functional districts of Chongqing were calculated through related formulas based on the meaning of each indicator, instead of through simple accumulation. [^Back]
. ③ This paper used population net migration rate to describe population mobility. [^Back]
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