Side-by-side Chinese-English

鱼腥草氯仿部位的化学成分研究

杨小露1 杨宇萍1 葛跃伟1 孟江1

(1.广东药科大学中药学院国家中医药管理局中药数字化质量评价技术重点研究室广东高校中药质量工程技术研究中心, 广东广州 510006)

【摘要】运用色谱方法对鱼腥草氯仿部位的化学成分进行研究, 并利用现代波谱技术对已分离得到的化合物进行结构鉴定。从中分离并鉴定了9个化合物, 分别鉴定为: (S) -5, 6, 6a, 7-四氢-2, 10-二甲氧基-4H-二苯并[DE, G]喹啉-1, 9-二醇 (1) 、 (+) -isoboldineβ-N-oxide (2) 、liriotulipiferine (3) 、telitoxinone (4) 、异波尔定碱 (5) 、 (-) -clovane-2β, 9α-diol (6) 、苯甲酸 (7) 、acantrifoside E (8) 、邻苯二甲酸二丁酯 (9) 。其中化合物29为首次从鱼腥草中分离得到, 化合物1为新的阿朴菲类生物碱, 命名为鱼腥草碱A。

【关键词】 鱼腥草;氯仿部位;化学成分;阿朴菲类生物碱;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 广东省教育厅育苗工程项目 (粤财教[2008]342号) ;

The symbolic tendency in the “reverse movement” of criminal legislation and its circumvention

WEI Changdong1

(1.Institute of Law, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences)

【Abstract】Originated from the crisis period of welfare state development, symbolism is exerting real impacts on the criminal legislation in China during modern transformation. Reflected in the real legislation and manifested as the “reverse movement” in legislation, it leads to an illusionary solution of the conflict between the state power and civil rights in criminal law. To meet the social governance crisis and enhance the people’s confidence in state governance against risks, the legislature has amended the criminal law to address public concerns and achieve the goal of eliminating ideological crisis through penalty expansion. Because of its coercive nature, the criminal law has been endowed with inherent symbolism ever since its birth. Even in the democratic society, its symbolism has not changed fundamentally with the times. The conflict among state governance, the dissimilation of criminal law concepts, and the bias of legal interest orientation have determined the generation and degree of symbolism. The deficiencies and inefficiency of legislation are the direct results of symbolism. In order to improve the justness of legislation in a country ruled by law, it is necessary to launch profound and comprehensive systematic rectification of criminal law.

【Keywords】 legislation of criminal law; conception positioning; symbolism; legal interest dislocation; legislation correction;

【DOI】

【Funds】 Major Project of the National Social Science Fund of China (17ZDA135);

Download this article
    Footnote

    [1]. [1] The New Criminal Law of the Qing Dynasty (大清新刑律) promulgated on January 25, 1911 introduced and established nulla poena sine lege for the first time, which symbolized the formation of modern criminal code in the Chinese history. In the 20th century, China issued six criminal codes one by one. Except the 1979 Criminal Law, the rest all stipulated nulla poena sine lege. The 1997 Criminal Code re-established the status of “almighty article” of the nulla poena sine lege, which was undoubtedly another modern leap in Chinese criminal law. [^Back]

    [2]. [2] On October 27–28, 2018, the Forum on Social Changes and New Era of Criminal Law Science organized by the Institute of Law of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences focused on the major theoretical and practical issues of China’s criminal legislation in the era of scientific development and comprehensively reflected on the progress and problems since the promulgation of the amended criminal code. [^Back]

    [3]. [3] Wei, C. Law Science (法学), (2): 85 (2016). [^Back]

    [4]. [4] In Section 24 (Of estimating the Degree of Crimes)ofOn Crimes and Punishment, Beccaria frankly said, “the foregoing reflections authorize me to assert that crimes are only to be measured by the injury done to society.” The concept of “social injury” it proposed, revealing the essence of crimes, was the earliest expression about criminalization grounds in the modern transformation of criminal law. See [Italian] Beccaria, C. On Crimes and Punishment. Huang, F. (trans.) Beijing: Encyclopedia of China Publishing House, 65 (2005). [^Back]

    [5]. [5] Since the beginning of the 19thcentury, the functional prototype of the protection of legal interests in criminal law started from the Reftsverletzung (infringement) of L. A. Feuerbach, and Birnbaum developed it into the concept of interest afterward. The most primitive cause for the development of the series of the concept lies in the political and philosophical ideas represented by the succeeding enlightenment era. In other words, the state should avoid the instrumentalization of criminal law. See Ku, C. Technology Law Review (科技法学评论), (1): 130 (2013). [^Back]

    [6]. [6] E. Amenta, What We Know about the Development of Social Policy: Comparative and Historical Research in Comparative and Historical Perspective, in James Mahoney and Dietrich Rueschemeyer, eds., Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences, Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 91–130. [^Back]

    [7]. [7] Rolf-Peter Calliess, Strafzwecke und Strafrecht, Zeitschrift für Evangelische Ethik, 1989, 33 (1). S. 112–113. [^Back]

    [8]. [8] Li Haidong, a Chinese scholar, distinguished the criminal laws into state-power oriented criminal law and civil-rights oriented criminal law. The former takes the state as the starting point to protect the national interests, while the latter takes the protection of the interests of citizens as the starting point to restrict state behaviors. Li, H. 刑法原理入门. Beijing: Law Press China, 4–5 (1997). [^Back]

    [9]. [9] Xia, Y. & Wei, L. People’s Procuratorial Semimonthly (人民检察), (1): 29 (2018). [^Back]

    [10]. [10] Yu, Z. Law Science (法学), (4) (2011); Liu, Y. Law Science (法学), (11) (2011). [^Back]

    [11]. [11] Lu, J. Law Science Magazine (法学杂志), (12): 11–13 (2010). [^Back]

    [12]. [12] Liang, G. Chinese Journal of Law (法学研究), (1): 44 (2017). [^Back]

    [13]. [13] Wei, C. Law Science (法学), (2): 91 (2016). [^Back]

    [14]. [14] Liu, Y. Political Science and Law (政治与法律), (3): 40–45 (2017). [^Back]

    [15]. [15] Edward L. Bernays, The Semantics of Symbols, in Lyman Bryson and others (eds.), Symbols and Values: an Initial Study, 13th Conference on Science, Philosophy and Religion in Their Relation to the Democratic Way of Life, 1954, p. 233. [^Back]

    [16]. [16] Steven Lukes, Political Ritual and Social integration, Sociology, 1975, 9 (2), pp. 291–293. [^Back]

    [17]. [17] Ma, M. Exploration and Free Views (探索与争鸣), (2): 27 (2004). [^Back]

    [18]. [18] [U.S.] Lasswell, H. Politics: Who Gets What, When, How.Yang, C. (trans.) Beijing: The Commercial Press, 15 (2000). [^Back]

    [19]. [19] [U.S.] Gabriel, A. Almond, G. & Bingham, P. Comparative Politics: System, Process, and Policy. Cao, P. et al. (trans.) Shanghai: Translation Publishing House, 334–335 (1987). [^Back]

    [20]. [20] Chen, T. Administration and Law (行政与法 (吉林省行政学院学报)), (5): 11 (2004). [^Back]

    [21]. [21] Chen, Z. 政策科学. Beijing: Renmin University of China Press, 91–92 (1998). [^Back]

    [22]. [22] Fan, D. Public Policy (公共政策). Beijing: National Academy of Governance Press, 31 (2005). [^Back]

    [23]. [23] [U.S.] Rosenau, J. Governance without Government. Zhang, S. & Liu, X. et al. (trans.) Nanchang: Jiangxi People’s Publishing House, 10 (2001). [^Back]

    [24]. [24] Peter Noll, Symbolische Gesetzgebung (1981), 100 Zeitschrift für Schweizerisches Recht (neue auflage), S. 353, 355–356. [^Back]

    [25]. [25] [German] Thomas Richter. 象徴的刑法とそれがもたらすもの-ドイツの議論状況, [日] 中空壽雅译, 比較法学第39卷第3号, 第164页. [^Back]

    [26]. [26] Kindermann, Symbolische Gesetzgebung, in: Grimm/Maihofer (Hrsg. ), Gesetzgebungstheorie und Rechtspolitik (Jahrbuch für Rechtssoziologie und Rechtstheorie 13), 1988, S. 225. [^Back]

    [27]. [27] Winfried Hassemer, Das Symbolische am symbolischen Strafrecht, in: Strafrecht. Sein Verständnis, seine Welt, 2008, S. 96. [^Back]

    [28]. [28] Ku, C. Technology Law Review (科技法学评论), (1): 140–143 (2013). [^Back]

    [29]. [29] Liu, Y. Political Science and Law (政治与法律), (3): 39 (2017). [^Back]

    [30]. [30] Cheng, H. Studies in Law and Business (法商研究), (6): 23 (2017). [^Back]

    [31]. [31] Guo, W. Political Science and Law (政治与法律), (10): 94–98 (2018). [^Back]

    [32]. [32] Ku, C. Technology Law Review (科技法学评论), (1): 133 (2013). [^Back]

    [33]. [33] The term, statutory offense, originated from the book, Criminology, by the Italian jurist, Garofalo in 1885. From the perspective of social defense, with whether the criminal act is morally abnormal as standard, he put forward the concept of “natural offense” and “statutory offense.” [Italian] Garofalo, B. Criminology. Geng, W. & Wang, X. (trans.) Chu, H. (proofread). Beijing: Encyclopedia of China Publishing House, 110–127 (1996). [^Back]

    [34]. [34] [U.S.] Huntington, P. Political Order in Changing Societies.Wang, G. (trans.) Shanghai: SDX Joint Publishing Company, 38 (1989). [^Back]

    [35]. [35] Xu, X. Comparative Economic & Social System (经济社会体制比较), (5): 3 (2010). [^Back]

    [36]. [36] [U.S.] Husak, D. Overcriminalization: the Limits of the Criminal Law. Jiang, M. (trans.) Beijing: China Legal Publishing House, 1 (2015). [^Back]

    [37]. [37] [German] Hilgendorf, E. Die deutsche Strafrechtswissenschaft: Tradition und Moderne. Jiang, S. & Huang, X. et al. (trans.) Beijing: Peking University Press, 23 (2015). [^Back]

    [38]. [38] Lao, D. Law Review (法学评论), (6): 16 (2017). [^Back]

    [39]. [39] Zhou, G. Social Sciences in China (中国社会科学), (3): 131 (2016). [^Back]

    [40]. [40] [French] Durkheim, E. De la division dutravail social. Qu, D. (trans.) Shanghai: SDX Joint Publishing House, 40 (2013). [^Back]

    [41]. [41] Lao, D. Law Review (法学评论), (6): 19 (2017). [^Back]

    [42]. [42] Cheng, H. Studies in Law and Business (法商研究), (6): 23 (2017). [^Back]

    [43]. [43] Chen, X. Studies in Law and Business (法商研究), (4) (2011); Liu, Y. Studies in Law and Business (法商研究), (4) (2011); Yu, Z. Studies in Law and Business (法商研究), (4) (2011). [^Back]

    [44]. [44] Zhang, M. Criminal Law (5th Edition) (刑法学) (第五版). Beijing: Law Press China, 63 (2017). [^Back]

    [45]. [45] Cheng, H. Studies in Law and Business (法商研究), (6): 24 (2017). [^Back]

    [46]. [46] Wei, C. Criminal Science (中国刑事法杂志), (5): 3–10 (2018). [^Back]

    [47]. [47] [German] Roxin, C. in Chen, X. Criminal Law Review (刑事法评论) (Vol. 19) Fan, W. (trans.) Beijing: Peking University Press, 147 (2007). [^Back]

    [48]. [48] Ku, C. Technology Law Review (科技法学评论), (1): 118 (2013) [^Back]

    [49]. [49] Liu, Y. Political Science and Law (政治与法律), (3): 39–45 (2017). [^Back]

    [50]. [50] Cheng, H. Studies in Law and Business (法商研究), (6): 26 (2017). [^Back]

    [51]. [51] Guo, W. Political Science and Law (政治与法律), (10): 101– (2018) [^Back]

    [52]. [52] Cheng, H. Studies in Law and Business (法商研究), (6): 26 (2017). [^Back]

    [53]. [53] Active governance is a theoretical claim advocated by the author of this paper on the choice of the necessary concept of national corruption governance. Its core purpose is to establish a comprehensive and systematic corruption governance system based on the generation and operation of power, the restriction of power and transparency, and punishment abuse. Active governance improves the ability of state corruption governance, thus it is an inevitable requirement of “new statism” and the only way to solve the crisis of state governance. Wei, C. Chinese Social Sciences Today (中国社会科学报), (6) (2014-10-31). Based on the justness of active governance, the author puts forward the idea of improving the corruption governance system and mechanism system with Chinese characteristics. Wei, C. Journal of East China University of Political Science and Law (华东政法大学学报), (3) (2018). [^Back]

    [54]. [54] Zhou, G. Chinese Journal of Law (法学研究), (4): 23 (2016). [^Back]

This Article

ISSN:1009-6728

CN: 11-4560/D

Vol 40, No. 06, Pages 44-59

November 2018

Downloads:1

Share
Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Introduction: “reverse movement” of criminal law legislation
  • 2 Origin: symbolic tendency and its criminal expansion
  • 3 Exploration: establishing the elements system of the symbolic tendency of criminal law legislation
  • 4 Solution: rational critique and circumvention strategy of the symbolic tendency
  • Footnote