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经济发展、社会融合与西部居民幸福感——基于多民族的视角

杨建科1 王琦1

(1.西安交通大学人文学院社会学系)

【摘要】基于西部12个省、市、自治区的大样本调查数据, 本文从经济发展与社会融合两个维度探讨了西部各民族居民的主观幸福感状况。研究结果显示, 西部地区各民族居民幸福感总体良好, 经常感到幸福的比例普遍高于经常感到不幸福的比例, 回族、维吾尔族等民族经常感到幸福比例最高。微观的家庭收入和宏观的地区经济发展水平均能显著影响各民族居民的主观幸福感。同时, 情感融合、信任融合与交往融合作为体现社会认同与社会接纳的重要变量, 都会对各民族居民的幸福感提升产生显著的正向影响。为此, 对于西部欠发达地区各民族居民来说, 发展经济和增加收入仍是当前提升幸福感的重要手段, 而促进民族交往、加强社会融合也是有效改善幸福感的积极途径。

【关键词】 民族幸福感;经济发展;社会融合;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家社会科学基金一般项目“公共空间生产与城市社区公共性建构研究” (项目编号:16BSH032) ; 陕西省软科学项目“城乡居民主观幸福感的结构差异与影响因素研究” (项目编号:2015KRM124) 的阶段性研究成果;

Economic development, social inclusion and the subjective well-being of the western Chinese residents from the perspective of multiple ethnic analysis

YANG Jianke1 WANG Qi1

(1.Department of Sociology of School of Humanities and Social Sciences of Xi’an Jiaotong University)

【Abstract】Based on the large sample survey data of 12 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in western China, this paper discusses the subjective well-being of residents of different ethnic groups in western China from two dimensions of economic development and social inclusion. The overall subjective well-being of ethnic groups in the western China is good, and the proportion of ethnic residents who often feel happy is generally higher than the proportion of ethnic residents who often feel unhappy. In the Hui and Uygur ethnic groups, the proportion of the residents who often feel is the highest. Both the household income in the micro level and regional economic development in the macro-level can significantly affect the subjective well-being of ethnic residents. At the same time, emotional fusion, trust fusion, and interaction fusion, as important variables reflecting the social identity and social acceptance, will have a significant positive impact on the subjective well-being of ethnic residents. Therefore, developing the economy and increasing income are still the important ways to enhance the happiness of ethnic minorities in the less developed areas of western China. Promoting ethnic interactions and strengthening social inclusion are also the positive ways to effectively improve the happiness of ethnic minorities in western China.

【Keywords】 subjective well-being of the ethnic residents; economic development; social inclusion;

【DOI】

【Funds】 General Project of National Social Science Fund of China (6BSII032); Soft Science Project of Shaanxi Province (015KRM124);

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    Footnote

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This Article

ISSN:0256-1891

CN: 11-1217/C

Vol , No. 05, Pages 1-13+123

September 2018

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Abstract

  • 1 Research background and problem
  • 2 Current situation of subjective well-being of ethnic residents and ethnic differences
  • 3 Theoretical hypothesis and relevant analysis
  • 4 Empirical model and result analysis of influencing factors of subjective well-being of ethnic groups
  • 5 Conclusion and inspiration
  • Footnote