我国氮沉降观测方法进展及其在珠三角的应用

张琪1 常鸣2 王雪梅2

(1.中山大学大气科学学院, 广东广州 510275)
(2.暨南大学环境与气候研究院, 广东广州 510632)

【摘要】在对我国大气氮沉降观测方法进行系统整理的基础上,以珠三角为例对长期氮沉降观测的结果进行了详细的时空分析.结果显示,大气氮沉降通量从东南沿海到西北内陆递减,且遭受人类活动影响较大的生态系统具有高沉降负荷的倾向.森林生态系统湿沉降通量的观测值变化范围为18~38kgN/(hm2·a);农田生态系统中湿沉降通量的变化范围为6~78kgN/(hm2·a),混合沉降通量为15~133kgN/(hm2·a),干沉降通量为54~83kgN/(hm2·a);而在城市生态系统中混合沉降通量可达101kgN/(hm2·a).在人口密集的珠三角地区,氮沉降通量与NH4+-N/NO3--N值近年来均呈下降趋势,这主要与珠三角产业结构调整以及城市发展带来的巨大能耗有关.整体而言,我国氮沉降观测方法日渐趋于多样化,且观测的准确度不断提高,但偏远地区观测站点仍较为匮乏.对氮沉降的研究多集中于湿沉降和混合沉降,而针对干沉降的研究仍较为不足.

【关键词】 大气污染; 氮沉降; 观测;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家重点研发计划资助项目(2017YFC0210103;2017YFC0210105) 国家自然科学基金:青年科学基金项目(41705123) 国家杰出青年科学基金资助项目(41425020) 广东省科技计划项目(2016B050502005)

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This Article

ISSN:1000-6923

CN:11-2201/X

Vol 37, No. 12, Pages 4401-4416

December 2017

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摘要

  • 1 观测方法
  • 2 应用现状
  • 3 结论
  • 参考文献