Analysis on the institutional construction of recycling and reusing of small appliances in Japan
【Abstract】Nowadays, one big issue confronting many countries is how to dispose and recycle waste small appliances in a reasonable way. Japan implemented the Law for Recycling of Small Electronic Appliances in 2013. Since then, a sound system for recycling and reusing small appliances has been built. In accordance with the system, Japan has carried out some related activities which have enabled metals such as iron, aluminum and copper to be recycled efficiently, and have brought great economic benefits. China is exploring the establishment of a system for recycling and reusing small appliances. Japan’s rich experience in the identification of varieties, division of responsibilities, qualification certification and recycling methods may be worth learning for China.
【Keywords】 Japan; waste small appliances; recycling; resource recycling; institutional construction;
. ① the Law for Recycling of Small Electronic Appliances stipulates that the recovery rates of the four categories of large household appliances—air conditioners, televisions, refrigerators and electric washing machines should reach the legal standards of 70%, 55%, 60% and 65%, respectively. [^Back]
. ① In addition to the first to thirteenth categories of products in Table 1, the 16 categories of special products selected by the Japanese government include video playback products, auto parts, and accessories for related products. [^Back]
. ① In 2013, the number of certified waste-treatment companies was only 14. [^Back]
. ① The fixed subsidy standards are CNY 85 per set of television, CNY 80 per set of refrigerator, CNY 35 per washing machine, CNY 35 per room air conditioner and CNY 85 per microcomputer. [^Back]
. ① “绿宝贝” is a mobile application based on the concept of waste sorting and recycling. It has the functions of promoting environmental protection knowledge and points-based environmental protection, which can help and encourage consumers to throw away waste in a classified manner. [^Back]
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