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日本小型家电回收再利用的制度构建分析

施锦芳1 李博文1

(1.东北财经大学国际经济贸易学院, 辽宁大连 116025)

【摘要】目前, 废弃小型家电的合理处置和再生利用已成为很多国家亟待解决的重要问题。根据2013年开始实施的《小型家电再生利用法》, 日本构建了较为完善的小型家电回收再利用制度。遵循这一制度, 小型家电废弃物的回收再利用活动有序展开, 使以铁、铝、铜为主的金属实现了有效再生利用, 并给日本带来了较大的经济效益。中国正在探索构建小型家电废弃物回收再利用制度, 日本在品种认定、责任划分、资质认证及回收方式等方面积累的丰富经验值得中国借鉴。

【关键词】 日本;废弃小型家电;回收再利用;资源再生;制度构建;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家社会科学基金后期资助项目“日本环境保护战略演进与实践成效研究” (17FGJ011) ; 辽宁省教育厅科学研究项目“新形势下扩大辽宁与东北亚经贸合作问题研究” (LN2016JD013) ;

Analysis on the institutional construction of recycling and reusing of small appliances in Japan

SHI Jinfang1 LI Bowen1

(1.School of International Economics & Trade, Dongbei University of Finance and Economics, Dalian 116025, Liaoning, China 116025)

【Abstract】Nowadays, one big issue confronting many countries is how to dispose and recycle waste small appliances in a reasonable way. Japan implemented the Law for Recycling of Small Electronic Appliances in 2013. Since then, a sound system for recycling and reusing small appliances has been built. In accordance with the system, Japan has carried out some related activities which have enabled metals such as iron, aluminum and copper to be recycled efficiently, and have brought great economic benefits. China is exploring the establishment of a system for recycling and reusing small appliances. Japan’s rich experience in the identification of varieties, division of responsibilities, qualification certification and recycling methods may be worth learning for China.

【Keywords】 Japan; waste small appliances; recycling; resource recycling; institutional construction;

【DOI】

【Funds】 Project of National Social Science Foundation of China (17FGJ011); Science and Technology Research Project of Education Department of Liaoning Province (LN2016JD013);

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    Footnote

    [1]. ① the Law for Recycling of Small Electronic Appliances stipulates that the recovery rates of the four categories of large household appliances—air conditioners, televisions, refrigerators and electric washing machines should reach the legal standards of 70%, 55%, 60% and 65%, respectively. [^Back]

    [2]. ① In addition to the first to thirteenth categories of products in Table 1, the 16 categories of special products selected by the Japanese government include video playback products, auto parts, and accessories for related products. [^Back]

    [3]. ① In 2013, the number of certified waste-treatment companies was only 14. [^Back]

    [4]. ① The fixed subsidy standards are CNY 85 per set of television, CNY 80 per set of refrigerator, CNY 35 per washing machine, CNY 35 per room air conditioner and CNY 85 per microcomputer. [^Back]

    [5]. ① “绿宝贝” is a mobile application based on the concept of waste sorting and recycling. It has the functions of promoting environmental protection knowledge and points-based environmental protection, which can help and encourage consumers to throw away waste in a classified manner. [^Back]

    References

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    [4] Hang, Z., Zhou, M. & Li, T., Environmental Protection (环境保护), (2): 97 - 100 (2012).

    [5] Editor of Resource Recycling. Resource Recycling (资源再生), (2): 14 - 16 (2013).

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    [7] Wang, Y., Yin, J., Xu, H., et al. Future and Development (未来与发展), 38 (10): 32 -38 (2014).

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    [11] Wang. Y. master’s thesis, Nankai University, (2015).

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This Article

ISSN:1000-355X

CN: 22-1065/F

Vol , No. 03, Pages 85-94

May 2018

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Background of Japan’s promotion of the institutional construction of recycling of small appliances
  • 2 Institutional construction for small appliances recycling in Japan
  • 3 Evaluation on the effectiveness of recycling of small appliances in Japan
  • 4 Inspiration from small appliances recycling in Japan to China
  • Footnote

    References