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“社会5.0”:日本超智慧社会的实现路径

丁曼1

(1.外交学院外语系, 北京 100037)

【摘要】日本将超智慧社会更名为“社会5.0”具有全球标志性意义,相对于“工业互联网”和“工业4.0”的前瞻性,意在强调从解决社会问题出发,将劣势变为机遇,实现社会和经济同步发展。相比追赶期国家创新系统的封闭性而言,“社会5.0”强调协同创新的开放性,强调用户与厂商间的纵向联系,强调构建不断学习的社会体系,是全方位进化了的系统。但观察其实现路径,发展国家型色彩依旧浓厚,试图在政府主导下通过构建更具实用性的新型产官学关系与大学改革最终实现“社会5.0”。然而,此做法依然存在一定缺陷,如其对企业微观层面的变革意识明显不足等。未来,日本政府是继续进行更多的干预,还是致力于营造有利于竞争与创新的自由环境,将是愿景能否实现的关键。现实中,日本的经济改革举步维艰,是复杂的政治妥协结果,又是权衡短期景气与长期结构改革的产物,这也让日本“社会5.0”之路充满挑战。

【关键词】 超智慧社会;社会5.0;日本;创新;产业政策;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 北京市社会科学基金项目“日文北京文史资料的整理、翻译、研究与利用”(14WYB031); 北京市“一带一路”国家人才培养基地项目;

Society 5.0: the implementation path of Japan’s Super Smart Society

DING Man1

(1.Department of Foreign Languages and International Studies, China Foreign Affairs University, Beijing, China 100037)

【Abstract】Super Smart Society was renamed Society 5.0, which can be viewed as a mark of development in the world. Compared with prospective “Industrial internet” and Industry 4.0, Society 5.0 aims to solve social problems and turn the disadvantages into opportunities, so as to achieve the development of both society and the economy. It advocates the openness of coordinative innovation, instead of the closure of National Innovation Systems during the catching up period, and also highlights the vertical connection between users and producers as well as the construction of a society system which can continue improving. All in all, Society 5.0 is a comprehensively evolved system. The implementation path of Society 5.0 features the government-led model that is typical in developed countries, focusing on the new “university-industry-government” relationship led by the government and the pragmatism during the university reform. However, there are still some defects. For example, enterprises at the micro level still need to raise the consciousness of reform. In the future, whether Japanese government is going to adopt more interfering measures or to create an environment for continuing competition and innovations will determine the outcome of Society 5.0. In reality, the difficulties with reform of Japanese economy are the results of complicated political compromise and the product of balance between short-term prosperity and long-term structural reform, which greatly challenges the implementation of Society 5.0.

【Keywords】 Super Smart Society; Society 5.0; Japan; innovation; industrial policy;

【DOI】

【Funds】 Beijing Social Science Foundation Project (14WYB031); Beijing “Belt and Road” National Talent Training Base Project;

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This Article

ISSN:1000-355X

CN: 22-1065/F

Vol , No. 03, Pages 1-14

May 2018

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • Introduction
  • 1 Playing the leading role of the government
  • 2 Consolidating foundations of “data” and “talent”
  • 3 How to evaluate “Society 5.0”
  • References