A comparative analysis of the policies for new energy industry in China and Japan: from the perspectives of policy tools and industrial ecosystem

LIU Zhaoguo1 HAN Haochen2

(1.College of International Economics and Trade, Jilin University of Finance and Economics, Changchun, Jilin, China 130117)
(2.School of Journalism & Communication, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China 130012)

【Abstract】Since the global financial crisis of 2008, most countries in the world have taken the new energy vehicle industry as an important industry to seize highlands in the future industrial competition. As a power in the automobile industry in the world, Japan has issued a series of strategies and plans in the new energy vehicle industry in recent years. Through the joint efforts of the central government and local governments, a scientific and effective new energy vehicle policy system has formed, which has promoted the infrastructure construction and business marketing for new energy vehicles. With regard to the new energy vehicle policy, China and Japan have some similarity when choosing policy tools. However, there are also a lot of differences between them. The aspects that the differences lie in can be concluded as follows: policy orientation, research and developmen framework, usage of policy tools like subsidies, and so on.

【Keywords】 strategic emerging industries; new energy vehicles; industrial policies; purchase subsidies; tax reduction and exemption;


【Funds】 Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China (71232011)

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(Translated by HE wenshan)


    [1]. ① “Three verticals” refer to electric vehicles, hybrid vehicles and fuel cell vehicles. “Three horizontals” refer to multi-energy powertrain system, motor drive system and control unit, and power battery and battery pack management mechanisms. [^Back]

    [2]. ② Its means that when formulating new energy vehicle subsidy standards, China will lower the subsidy standards year by year based on the basic difference between new energy vehicles and traditional vehicles of the same category, and taking into account the effects of factors such as scale effects and technological progress. [^Back]

    [3]. ① Including electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles, fuel cell vehicles and clean diesel vehicles. [^Back]

    [4]. ① The meaning of CHAdeMO in Chinese is “充电时间短如茶歇 (charging time is as short as a tea break).” [^Back]


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This Article


CN: 22-1065/F

Vol 37, No. 02, Pages 65-76

March 2018


Article Outline


  • Introduction
  • 1 Research overview
  • 2 Research methods
  • 3 New energy vehicle industry policies of China and Japan, and their comparison
  • 4 Conclusion and implication
  • Footnote