From Kant’s religious philosophy to free Confucianism

ZHAO Guangming1

(1.Institute of World Religion, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

【Abstract】Through the confrontation between Kant’s and Schleiermacher’s religious philosophy, this paper reveals the basic philosophical question of how personality itself inherently, naturally and even inevitably generates universality, and thus demonstrates the essence of religion and possible paths for free Confucianism. The core logic of this paper is the elucidation and application of free emotions, which become the basis of religious philosophy and the understanding of free Confucianism.

【Keywords】 summum bonum; essence of religion; free emotion; free Confucianism;

【DOI】

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(Translated by LI Na)

    Footnote

    [1]. (1) Li, Q. in Jin, Z & Zhao, G. (eds.) Religion and Philosophy , Volume 2. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press, 145 (2013). [^Back]

    [2]. (2) Kant. in The Complete Works of Kant. Li, Q. (trans.) Volume 5. Beijing: China Renmin University Press, 475, 476 (2007). [^Back]

    [3]. (3) Kant. in The Complete Works of Kant. Li, Q. (trans.) Volume 3. Beijing: China Renmin University Press, 514 (2004). [^Back]

    [4]. (4) Kant. in The Complete Works of Kant. Li, Q. (trans.) Volume 8. Beijing: China Renmin University Press, 25 (2010). [^Back]

    [5]. (5) Kant. in The Complete Works of Kant. Li, Q. (trans.) Volume 8. Beijing: China Renmin University Press, 26 (2010). [^Back]

    [6]. (6) Zhao, G. The Belief of Kant (康德的信仰). Nanjing: Jiangsu People’s Publishing House, 125 (2008). [^Back]

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    [8]. (8) Kant. in The Complete Works of Kant. Li, Q. (trans.) Volume 5. Beijing: China Renmin University Press, 308 (2007). [^Back]

    [9]. (9) Kant. in The Complete Works of Kant. Li, Q. (trans.) Volume 5. Beijing: China Renmin University Press, 212 (2007). [^Back]

    [10]. (10) Kant. in The Complete Works of Kant. Li, Q. (trans.) Volume 5. Beijing: China Renmin University Press, 211 (2007). [^Back]

    [11]. (11) Gadamer. Hermeneutics I: Truth and Method. Hong, H. (trans.) Beijing: The Commercial Press, 92 (2007). [^Back]

    [12]. (12) Rousseau. Emile. Li, P. (trans.) Beijing: The Commercial Press, 426 (2010). [^Back]

    [13]. (13) Turner, F. M. From Rousseau to Nietzsche. Wang, L. (trans.) Beijing: Peking University Press, 303 (2017). [^Back]

    [14]. (14) Schleiermacher. On Religion. Deng, A. (trans.) Beijing: People’s Publishing House, 74 (2011). Here Phantasie has the meaning of “imagination (force)” and “fantasy (force),” and Professor Deng Anqing translates it into “fantasy.” [^Back]

    [15]. (15) Schleiermacher. On Religion. Deng, A. (trans.) Beijing: People’s Publishing House, 30 (2011). [^Back]

    [16]. (16) Schleiermacher. On Religion. Deng, A. (trans.) Beijing: People’s Publishing House, 34, 36 (2011). [^Back]

    [17]. (17) Schleiermacher. On Religion. Deng, A. (trans.) Beijing: People’s Publishing House, 43 (2011). [^Back]

    [18]. (18) Tian, W. in Zhao, G. (ed.) Religion and Philosophy (宗教与哲学), Volume 8. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press, (2019). [^Back]

    [19]. (19) Schleiermacher. On Religion. Deng, A. (trans.) Beijing: People’s Publishing House, 31 (2011). [^Back]

    [20]. (20) Strauss, L. Natural Rights and History. Peng, G. (trans.) Beijing: Sanlian Bookstore, 329 (2003). [^Back]

    [21]. (21) Zhao, G. Qilu Journal (齐鲁学刊), (5) (2017); Journal of Yunnan University (Social Sciences Edition) (云南大学学报 (社会科学版)), (6) (2018). [^Back]

    [22]. (22) Kant. in The Complete Works of Kant. Li, Q. (trans.) Volume 3. Beijing: China Renmin University Press, 514 (2004). [^Back]

    [23]. (23) Kant. The Complete Works of Kant. Li, Q. (trans.) Volume 6. Beijing: China Renmin University Press, 57. [^Back]

    [24]. (24) It is discussed with Professor Li Qiuling, please see Li, Q. in Jin, Z. & Zhao, G. (eds.) Religion and Philosophy (宗教与哲学), Volume 2. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press, 152, 153 (2013). [^Back]

This Article

ISSN:1000-4289

CN: 11-1299/B

Vol , No. 01, Pages 12-19

February 2019

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Abstract

  • 1 Morality “inevitably” leading to religion
  • 2 The essence of religion
  • 3 Free emotions and religiousness
  • 4 Free Confucianism
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