Initial analytical study of the relationship between Sanyiism and Taoist Thunder Magic

LI Zhihong1

(1. Institute of World Religions, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences )

【Abstract】There is little academic study on the relationship between Sanyiism and Taoist Thunder Magic. From the viewpoint of this article, Sanyiism, which literally means the school of Three-in-One, has integrated the spirit of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism together and its intake of the god Thunder Progenitor in Heaven Nine into its own theogony also shows the integration of the three religions. The classic of Sanyiism, Orthodoxy Theory of Lin Zhao’en on Sanyiism (林子三教正宗统论), also demonstrates that Sanyiism has absorbed a lot from the theory of Taoist elixir alchemy, and the theory originated from the guru of Taoist Thunder Method, Prophet Bai Yuchan. Besides, the prevailing invocation in Sanyiism “Golden Toothrium, Jade Toothrium, come to us(金齿临), 玉齿临).” is quite likely to be related to the Buddhism Shingon invocation “om, cchirum, om, brum (唵齿临唵部临),” and also keeps the similar changing trend of invocation signs in Taoist Thunder Magic.

【Keywords】 Taoist Thunder Magic; Sanyiism; theogony; esoteric invocation;

【DOI】

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    Footnote

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    [6]. ⑥ See Wang, K. in 敦煌道教文献研究—综述·目录·索引. Beijing: China Social Sciences Press, 52–62 (2004). [^Back]

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    [8]. The Scriptures based on the Origins of Sanyiism mentioned in this article is the version certificated by Wuben Temple in Putian, and republished by Lixin Academy in 2014. [^Back]

    [9]. ①② The Etiquette Book of Presenting Wishes on Big Occasions mentioned in this article is the version certificated by Wuben Temple in Putian, and republished by Lixin Academy in 2014. [^Back]

    [10]. ③ 九天应元雷声普化天尊玉枢宝经集注. [^Back]

    [11]. The Scriptures based on the Origins of Sanyiism mentioned in this article is the version certificated by Wuben Temple in Putian, and republished by Lixin Academy in 2014. [^Back]

    [12]. ⑤⑥ The Etiquette Book of Presenting Wishes on Big Occasions mentioned in this article is the version certificated by Wuben Temple in Putian, and republished by Lixin Academy in 2014. [^Back]

    [13]. ① This version of Yushu Scriptures spreads from Zhuguang Temple in Putian, Fujian Province. In its cover writes “岁次甲午年春月集,珠光祖祠 (Collection in the spring of Jiawu year in Zhuguang Temple).” Great appreciation to the transcription of Mao Yuanlin and Zhu Jinkun from Sanyiism Institute. [^Back]

    [14]. ② This version of Scripture of Five Thunders spreads from Zhuguang Academy in Putian, Fujian Province. In its cover writes “壹玖捌拾年岁次庚申年仲夏转集 (Transcribed in the summer of 1980).” Great appreciation to the transcription of Mao Yuanlin and Zhu Jinkun from Sanyiism Institute. [^Back]

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    [17]. ②③④⑤ 林子三教正宗统论. [^Back]

    [18]. ① The original text comes from 修真十书杂著·指玄篇卷之四·修仙辨惑论. It writes as follows. 玉蟾问曰: 勤而不遇,必遇至人,遇而不勤,终为下鬼。若此修丹之法有何证验?陈泥丸云: 初修丹时,神清气爽,身心和畅,宿疾普消,更无梦寐,百日不食,饮酒不醉。到此地则赤血换为白血,阴气炼成阳气,身如火热,行步如飞,口中可以乾水,吹气可以煮肉,对景无心,如如不动,役使鬼神,呼召雷雨,耳闻九天,目视万里,褊体纯阳,金筋玉骨,阳神现形,出入自然,此乃长生不死之道毕矣。但恐世人执着药物火候之说,以为有形有为而不能顿悟也。夫岂知混沌未分以前,乌有年月日时; 父母未生以前,乌有精血气液。道本无形,喻之为龙虎; 道本无名,比之为铅汞) [^Back]

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    [20]. The Etiquette Book of Issue Decree in Sanyiism mentioned in this article is the version “transcribed in the autumn of 1990 in Jinshan Academy” in Putian. Great appreciation to the Sanyiism priest Zheng Qingui for providing the text. [^Back]

    [21]. The Etiquette Book of Flag Setting in Sanyiism Summon mentioned in this article is the version of Jinshan Academy in Putian, transcribed by disciple Li Zhangqi in an auspicious day in March, 1991. Great appreciation to Zheng Qingui, the Sanyiism priest who provides the text. [^Back]

    [22]. Four-religion Scriptures of Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and Sanyiismmentioned in this article is the version certificated by Wuben Temple in Putian, and republished by Lixin Academy in 2014. [^Back]

    [23]. ①② Insides writes “Disciple of Sanyiism Zheng Dengbi in the autumn of 1705, the forty-fourth year of Kangxi Emperor’s reign transcribed piously (康熙乙酉年仲秋谷旦三教门人郑登陛盥手敬书).” [^Back]

    [24]. ③ Insides writes “Disciple of Sanyiism Zheng Dengbi transcribed piously, corrected by Taoist priest in Yuhua Cave (玉华洞天性如道人校录,门人郑登陛盥手敬题).” [^Back]

    [25]. ④ Insides writes “Disciple of Sanyiism Zheng Dengbi transcribed piously, corrected by Taoist priest Lu Wenhui in Yuhua Cave (玉华洞天性如道人卢文辉校录,三教门人郑登陛盥手敬录).” [^Back]

    [26]. ⑤ Insides writes “Disciple of Sanyiism Zheng Dengbi in the autumn of 1701, the fortieth year of Kangxi Emperor’s reign transcribed piously (康熙辛巳仲秋谷旦三教门人郑登陛盥手敬书).” [^Back]

    [27]. ⑥ Insides writes “Disciple of Sanyiism Zheng Dengbi in the spring of 1703, the forty-second year of Kangxi Emperor’s reign transcribed piously (康熙癸未年仲春谷旦三教门人郑登陛盥手敬).” [^Back]

    [28]. ⑦ Insides writes “Disciple of Sanyiism Zheng Dengbi transcribed piously (三教门人郑登陛盥手敬书).” [^Back]

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    [31]. ② Great appreciation to Zhou Guangrong from Institute of World Religions, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences for his instruction. [^Back]

    [32]. ③ Great appreciation to Zhang Zong from Institute of World Religions, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences for his picture. See 佛顶心观世音菩萨大陀罗尼经. in Li, Y. (ed.) 观音特展. Taipei: Taipei Palace Museum, 2000. [^Back]

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    [34]. ② Great appreciation to Zhang Zong from Institute of World Religions, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences for his picture. See rubbing version of Scriptures on Fangshan Stone in Jin Dynasty, 房山石经·辽金刻经. Vol. 14. [^Back]

    [35]. ① For “Rhymed Formula of Qi (炁诀),” see 道法会元, Vol. 148. [^Back]

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    [38]. ④ The picture “Scripture of the Sun God Going to Sun (太上玉晨郁仪奔日赤景玉文)” in the Drawing of the Sun God Going to Sun (太上玉晨郁仪结璘奔日月图).” [^Back]

    [39]. ① Lin, G. Religious Studies (宗教学研究), (4): 37–43 (1998). [^Back]

This Article

ISSN:1000-4289

CN: 11-1299/B

Vol , No. 02, Pages 58-70

April 2018

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Thunder Progenitor in Heaven Nine and rituals in Sanyiism
  • 2 Sanyiism’s intake of Bai Yuchan’s theory on Taoist elixir alchemy
  • 3 Invocation “Golden Toothrium, Jade Toothrium, come to us” in Sanyiism and esoteric invocation in Taoist Thunder Magic
  • 4 Conclusion
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