Four structural factors for religious tolerance in the Chinese culture: Tao, mind, sage and scripture

CHEN Lisheng1

(1.Department of Philosophy, Sun Yat-sen University)

【Abstract】This paper attempts to reveal the conditions for possibility of religious tolerance in Chinese culture from the following four aspects: (1) the ambiguity and inter-ness of Tao in the category of creativity; (2) a kind of unbiased, moderate, and totally-unselfish mind for everything as well as a perceptual thinking with three ingredients (mutually-beneficial Yin and Yang, harmony in diversity, and principle of benevolence and loyalty) that stem from the Tao and mind as mentioned above; (3) an ethical notion that makes no distinction among all existing values; and (4) the openness of scripture. The four structural factors provide a solid philosophical ground for the inclusive-learning spirit rooted in Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism, or even in the wider range of the Taoism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Islam, and Christianity.

【Keywords】 Tao; mind; sage; scripture;

【DOI】

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ISSN:1000-4289

CN: 11-1299/B

Vol , No. 02, Pages 8-19

April 2017

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Article Outline

Knowledge

Abstract

  • 1 Tao
  • 2 Mind
  • 3 Sage
  • 4 Scripture
  • 5 Conclusion
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