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长生、济世及一统:郑观应与近代道教

马平安1

(1.中国社会科学院近代史研究所)

【摘要】晚清民初,道教因多方面因素的作用而日趋式微。作为一名虔诚的道教俗家弟子,郑观应力图振兴道教。在他一生八十年中,访真求道即达六十余载,道教信仰老而弥坚。他希冀通过丹道修炼追求长生,通过仙剑成道救世度人,通过道教统摄天下各教。他主张改革近代道教所存在的弊端,积极倡导和举办近代慈善事业,积极刻刊与传播道教典籍,积极倡办修真院、道教会。他对中国近代道教的传播与转型,具有一定的影响,其贡献与作用不容忽视,值得学界引起重视。

【关键词】 郑观应;道教;长生梦;济世梦;一统梦;

【DOI】

Dreams of longevity, world-salvation and unification: Zheng Guanying and modern Taoism

MA Ping’an1

(1.Institute of Modern History, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

【Abstract】During the late Qing Dynasty and the early periods of the Republic of China, due to a variety of factors, Taoism was faced with a gradual decline. As a famous Taoist layperson, Zheng Guanying strove hard to promote Taoism. Within his whole life of 80 years, he spent over 60 years inquiring into the truth and pursuing the Taoist Way as his conviction to the Taoist faith grew more with his age. Zheng hoped that, by means of inner alchemy and cultivation, he could pursue longevity and use the techniques of immortality to both attain the Way and save the world and humanity. Through Taoism, Zheng hoped to command various religions in the world. Zheng promoted reforming the existential corruption of the Taoism as it existed in his time, and he actively pursued and conducted the causes of modern charity. Zheng actively published and disseminated works of the Taoist canon, and actively constructed Taoist monasteries and associations. Zheng was a disseminator and transformer of modern Chinese Taoism and certainly, possessed great influence. His contributions to Taoism should not be ignored, and his religious life merits the attention of the academic community.

【Keywords】 Zheng Guanying; Taoism; dream of longevity; dream of world-salvation; dream of unification;

【DOI】

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This Article

ISSN:1000-4289

CN: 11-1299/B

Vol , No. 01, Pages 37-51

February 2017

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Dream of longevity and harsh reality of cultivation
  • 3 Dream of world-salvation: devotion to worldly merits
  • 4 Dream of unification: a utopia in which Taoism merged other religions
  • 5 Conclusions: significance of pursuing the dreams
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