Political effects of cross-Strait economic cooperation
【Abstract】Cross-Strait economic cooperation and integration contributes to forming a close economic community, consolidating and deepening the economic basis for peaceful development of cross-Strait relationship, and advancing cross-Strait peaceful reunification. Nevertheless, the cooperation does not make adequate preparation for the cross-Strait peaceful reunification. To make full use of the political effects needs some subjective and objective conditions such as cross-Strait common political will and actions, which are needed to construct national identity on the basis of common interests. Polls show that the cross-Strait economic cooperation in recent years does have some positive effects on opposing the “independence of Taiwan.” But the cooperation has only been carried out for such a short time, the effects of which on peaceful reunification is hard to confirm or deny. Meanwhile, the effects are obviously restricted by political factors. To construct national identity is the key to cross-Strait peaceful reunification. Therefore, in order to improve the political effects of cross-Strait economic cooperation, it is necessary to hold right cooperation ideas, stick to specific guiding principles, and adopt appropriate implementation methods.
【Keywords】 cross-Strait economic cooperation; political effects;
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 The essence of economic cooperation and integration is to promote trade liberalization and facilitation. With the presence of differences between each other, it will be a long procedure. In this process, with the objective conditions continues to mature, economic cooperation and integration will present different periodic patterns in different stages, usually from mutually beneficial trade arrangements to free trade areas, and then to a customs union, common market, economic union, and complete economic integration. To be put into practice, varying levels of patterns of cooperation and integration need certain economic conditions. For example, only when members have similar industrial competitiveness under the condition of similar tariff level, will it be possible to form a customs union; only when members have similar economic development level with similar payment of productive factors, will it be possible to form a common market; only when members can bear the impact of the same economic policy, will it be possible to form an economic union. See Tang, Y. Liang’an Jingji Zhiduxing Hezuo yu Yitihua Fazhan Yanjiu, Jiuzhou Press (2010).
 Polls data in this article based on one of author’s research projects of the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities: socio-political effects of the cross-Strait economic cooperation measures (2011221034), polls form October to December in 2012 by Taiwan Research Institute of Xiamen University.
 In a broader sense, only 42.3% of the respondents recognizes that “both sides of the Taiwan Strait belong to one country,” 31.09% recognizes that “Taiwan and the mainland belong to one country, but the cognition of the country's name is different,” only 9.95% recognizes that “the mainland and Taiwan belong to ‘the Republic of China,’” the least of all, 1.24% recognizes that “the mainland and Taiwan all belong to the People’s Republic of China.”