Side-by-side Chinese-English


马光凯1 周铮铮1 耿伟峰1 钱忠平1 晏伟1 任晓乔1

(1.东方地球物理公司物探技术研究中心, 河北涿州 072751)


【关键词】 拖缆数据;检波器移动时差校正;旅行时误差;时变;误差分析;


【基金资助】 国家科技重大专项“大型油气田及煤层气开发”课题“新一代地球物理油气勘探软件系统”(2017ZX05018-001); 中国石油集团公司项目“宽方位及海洋资料处理软件研发与集成”(2016E-1002);

Hydrophone moving-related moveout correction for marine streamer data

MA Guangkai1 ZHOU Zhengzheng1 GENG Weifeng1 QIAN Zhongping1 YAN Wei1 REN Xiaoqiao1

(1.R&D Center, BGP, CNPC, Zhuozhou, Hebei Province, China 072751)

【Abstract】Hydrophones move with the streamers in acquisition of marine seismic data. Such movement causes travel time errors, which has a negative impact on subsequent data processing and data matching for time-lapse seismic survey. To correct the moveout caused by hydrophone moving, we use offset, vessel speed, and stacking velocity to calculate time-varying travel time errors, which is proportional to offset and vessel speed but inversely proportional to the square of stacking velocity. Field data processing shows that after hydrophone moving-related moveout correction, residual moveout in common midpoint (CMP) gathers after automatic normal moveout (NMO) correction is further reduced, and velocity spectra become more focused. This lays the data foundation for subsequent processing.

【Keywords】 streamer data; hydrophone moving-related moveout correction; travel time error; time varying; error analysis;


【Funds】 National Science and Technology Major Project of China (2017ZX05018-001); CNPC Project (2016E-1002);

Download this article

    [1] Yilmaz O; Translated by Huang Xude and Yuan Mingde. Seismic Data Processing [M]. Petroleum Industry Press, Beijing, 1994 (in Chinese).

    [2] Zhou Z Z and Ma G K. Phase-driven deghosting of slanted and horizontal streamer data [C]. SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts, 2016, 35: 4756–4759.

    [3] Gary H and Helmut J. Effects of source and receiver motion on seismic data [C]. SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts, 1990, 9: 859–862.

    [4] Eiken O, Haugen G U, Schonewille M, et al. A proven method for acquiring highly repeatable towed streamer seismic data [J]. Geophysics, 2003, 68 (4): 1303–1309.

    [5] William H D. Marine vibrators and the Doppler effect [J]. Geophysics, 1988, 53 (11): 1388–1398.

    [6] Schultz P S, Pieprzak A W, Johnson G R, et al. Simple theory for correction of marine vibroseis phase dispersion [C]. SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts, 1989, 8: 660–662.

    [7] Gary H and Helmut J. The effects of source and receiver motion on seismic data [J]. Geophysical Prospecting, 1995, 43 (2): 221–244.

    [8] Jan D. The effects of receiver motion on seismic data and velocity analysis [C]. SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts, 2001, 20: 1890–1893.

    [9] XUE Dongchuan, ZHU Zhenyu, WANG Xiaoliu, et al. A receiver motion correction method for streamer data [J]. Oil Geophysical Prospecting, 2017, 52 (1): 1–7 (in Chinese).

    [10] LI Zhenchun, ZHANG Junhua. The Method of Seismic Data Processing [M]. China University of Petroleum Press, Dongyong, Shangdong, 2004 (in Chinese).

    [11] LU Jimeng. The Principles of Seismic Exploration [M]. China University of Petroleum Press, Dongyong, Shangdong, 2006 (in Chinese).

This Article


CN: 13-1095/TE

Vol 55, No. 02, Pages 266-271+228

April 2020


Article Outline


  • 0 Introduction
  • 1 Methodology
  • 2 Application of field data
  • 3 Conclusion
  • References