Pop-up English-Chinese

Fish faunal presence value in three first-level tributaries of the Salween River in Yunnan, China and its meaning for aquatic nature reserve planning

ZHOU Wei 1 LI Xu 1 LI Kaiyuan 1 LI Minghui 1

(1.Key Laboratory of Forest Disaster Warning and Control in Yunnan Province, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224)

【Abstract】By combining the classical faunal analysis method and the value of faunal presence method, we analyzed fish diversities and their representatives in three first level tributaries including Nangunhe, Nantinghe and Mengboluohe in Yunnan to the midstream of Salween River system, to compare the difference in values of fish faunal presence and to analyze the characteristics of the faunal composition and the importance of families and genera in fauna formation. The purpose of the study was to explore the guiding role of the fish faunal presence value index in planning and establishing fish nature reserves. Results showed that a total of 74 endemic species were recorded in midstream of Salween River system in the Yunnan section, belonging to 5 orders, 12 families, and 45 genera. 53 species were recorded in these three first level tributaries, belonging to 5 orders, 12 families, and 38 genera, among which there are 32 species, 23 genera, 9 families in Nangun River; 47 species, 33 genera, 11 families in Nanting River; and 33 species, 26 genera, 10 families in Meng Bo Luo River. Sorted by species absolute number, Cyprinidae, Cobitidae and Sisoridae ranked the top 3 families in the three first level tributaries. Sorted by the fauna presence value, Anguillidae, Channidae, Mastacembelidae, Cobitidae, Synbranchidae and Sisoridae ranked the top 5 families in the three first level tributaries. The results from the two methods were consistent with one another. The faunal presence value in the same genus changed greatly in the different tributaries, and the regional distribution features of the genus and species became obviously. The fish composition in the three first-level tributaries was composed of a primitive group from the Palaeogene, a group that originated from the south, and a small number of taxa that originated from Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The results of the fish fauna presence values indicated that one or more of the first level tributaries should be selected as reserves in the upstream, midstream and downstream of the main stream when setting up freshwater fish natural reserves. The greater the taxa of orders and families with a high fauna presence value covered when planning fish natural reserves, the greater the protection, which was not an element must be considered. However, the fauna presence value of the genera should be a special concern when planning reserves.

【Keywords】 fish fauna; faunal presence value; biodiversity; fish nature reserve; Salween River system;

【DOI】

【Funds】 National Natural Science Foundation of China (31160419) Yunnan Province Construction project of forestry first-class discipline of Yunnan Province (51600625)

Download this article

    Footnote

    [1]. (1) Chen XY, Jiang WS, Yang JX (2003) Chapter 10 Fish. See: Yunnan Institute of Forest Inventory and Planning. Comprehensive Scientific Investigation Report of Yongde National Nature Reserve, Yunnan, China (manuscript). [^Back]

    [2]. (2) Zhou W, Yang Q, Liu K, Xu WJ (2012) Chapter 13Fish. See: Du F, et al. 云南南捧河省级自然保护区综合科学考察报告 (手稿). [^Back]

    References

    Chen XY (2013) Checklist of fishes of Yunnan. Zoological Research, 34, 281–343 (in Chinese).

    Chen YY (1998a) Fauna Sinica, Osteichthyes, Cyprinformes. II. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese).

    Chen YY (1998b) The Fishes of the Hengduan Mountains Region. Science Press, Beijing (in Chinese).

    Chen YY, Cao WX, Zheng CY (1988) Ichthyofauna of the Zhujiang River with a discussion on zoogeographical divisions for freshwater fishes. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica, 10, 229–236 (in Chinese).

    Du LN, Huang YF, Chen XY, Yang JX (2008) Three new records of fish in Yunnan and analysis of the value of faunal presence of fish in the Tuoniang River. Zoological Research, 29, 69–77 (in Chinese).

    Eschmeyer WN, Fricke R, van der Laan R (2016) Catalog of Fishes:Genera, Species, References. http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp (accessed on 2016-06-28).

    Froese R, Pauly D (2015) FishB ase. http://www.fishbase.org/home.htm (accessed on 2016-06-28).

    Jayaram KC (1981) The Freshwater Fishes of India, Pakistan, Banglandesh, Burma and Sri Lanka. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Kottelat M, Whitten AJ, Kartikasari SN, Wirjoatmodjo S (1993) Freshwater Fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong.

    Peng H, Wu ZY (1997) Two kinds of different ranking methods of families and genera of the seed plants flora in Mt. Wuliangshan. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 19, 251–259 (in Chinese).

    Rainboth WJ (1996) Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAOSpecies Identification Field Guide for Fishery Purposes. FAO, Rome.

    Wang XA, Chen XY, Yang JX (2009) Ichthyologic Fauna of Niulan River. Zoological Research, 30, 585–592 (in Chinese).

    Wu LQ (2010) Rivers and Lakes in Yunnan. Yunnan Science and Technology Press, Kunming (in Chinese).

    Wu YF, Wu CZ (1991) The Fishes of the Qinghai–Xizang Plateau. Sichuan Publishing House of Science and Technology, Chengdu (in Chinese).

    Yang LP, Yang Q, Li QS, Zhou W (2012) Analysis of the value of faunal presence of fish in the Lixian River. Journal of Anhui Agricultural University, 39, 184–188 (in Chinese).

    Zeng Y, Zhou XY (2012) An analysis of ichthyologic fauna of Jialing River. Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University, 31, 506–511 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    Zhou W, Chen YR, Liu N, Zhang Q, Feng CZ (2004) Fishes. In: Nangun River National Nature Reserve of China (eds Yang YM, Du F), pp. 223–235. Yunnan Science and Technology Press, Kunming (in Chinese).

    Zhu Y, Cai DS, Zhou J, Han YQ (2012) Ichthyologic fauna of Lijiang River, Guilin, China. Journal of Guangxi Normal University (Natural Science Edition), 30 (4), 136–145 (in Chinese).

This Article

ISSN:1005-0094

CN: 11-3247/Q

Vol 24, No. 10, Pages 1146-1153

October 2016

Downloads:1

Share
Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Materials and methods
  • 2 Results
  • 3 Discussion
  • Supplementary material
  • Footnote

    References