Be open to be scientific: Engels’s thought on socialism and its social context

HE Rong1

(1.Institute of Sociology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

【Abstract】Socialism from the very beginning is both a critique of reality and expectation for future good society. Since the mid-19th century, the emergent international workers’ movement carried out under the guidance of Marx and Engels’s theory has been not only critical but open to social reality. Thus socialism becomes scientific by being the object of scientific analysis. This study focused on different stages of Marx and Engels’s literature on communism and socialism. With the emphasis shifting to socialism, Marxism faced and responded directly to the drastic change of the global economy and society. Engels’s discussion on ownership and political strategy of socialists after the mid-1880s showed that scientific socialism could be a social theory dealing with various challenges of industrialization, urbanization and globalization. Engels himself was an open-minded social theorist in addition to the spiritual leader of the communist revolution. For contemporary China, Engels’s theory of socialism can provide insights and strategies for social governance and economic development.

【Keywords】 socialism; communism; Engels’s thoughts in his later years; socialist ownership;

【DOI】

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(Translated by HUANG Zhe)

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This Article

ISSN:1002-5936

CN: 11-1100/C

Vol 32, No. 06, Pages 1-17+241

November 2017

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 From communism to socialism: the evolution of ideology
  • 2 Socialism in Engels’s later works
  • 3 Summary: the meaning of socialism from the perspective of sociology
  • References