Rural aging and rural spatial evolution: spatial development in aging of rural China at township level

WANG Hongxia1

(1.Institute of Economics, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences)

【Abstract】From the perspective of rural micro-space development, this paper studies the spatial development of the aging of rural China and its possible impact. Based on the rural township data, it finds that more than 78% villages have become the aging society. What is striking is that many villages are experiencing deep and even super aging. Using the Theil index, it shows that aging of rural China is characterized by the bigger intra-regional than inter-regional heterogeneity. In general, the distribution of the elder population in most rural areas is more scattered. It argues that the three factors including the degree of aging, the distribution of the rural elder population, and the rural development are critical to the spatial effect of rural aging. With the evolution of the distribution of the rural elder population and the rapid development of population aging in the villages, policy-makers should pay more attention to the aging process of the shrinking villages and the development of the villages with deep or super degree of aging, in order to better plan and deal with the spatial-economic challenges brought by the rural aging process.

【Keywords】 aging of rural China; rural development; spatial evolution; rural township data;


【Funds】 National Natural Science Foundation of China (71490734)

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    [1]. (1) The data are calculated based on the fifth census. [^Back]

    [2]. (2) The data are calculated based on the sixth census. [^Back]

    [3]. (3) The data are calculated based on China Population & Employment Statistics Yearbook 2018. [^Back]

    [4]. (4) According to the research of Tong et al. (2014), this trend is estimated to change around 2036. [^Back]

    [5]. (5) This is also the biggest characteristic that distinguishes Theil index from other measurement tools such as spatial Gini coefficient. [^Back]


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This Article


CN: 11-1489/C

Vol 43, No. 05, Pages 66-80

September 2019


Article Outline


  • 1 Literature review
  • 2 Spatial evolution of rural population aging: based on rural characteristics
  • 3 Spatial progress of rural distribution: rural distribution based on the characteristics of population aging
  • 4 Spatial difference of rural population aging: spatial distribution of rural elderly population based on rural distribution
  • 5 Spatial impact of rural population aging: conclusion and discussion
  • Footnote