China fertility status report, 2006–2016: an analysis based on 2017 China Fertility Survey

HE Dan1 ZHANG Xuying1 ZHUANG Yaer1 WANG Zhili1 YANG Shenghui1

(1.China Population and Development Research Center)

【Abstract】Based on 2017 China Fertility Survey, this paper analyzes the national fertility level, fertility intentions, contraceptive use, and childbearing and parenting services. The results show that, from 2006 to 2016, the mean ages at the first marriage and the first birth increased by 2.7 and 2.6 years, respectively. The total fertility rate between 2006 and 2011 was between 1.60 and 1.70 and fluctuated between 2012 and 2016, peaking in the years of 2012 and 2016. Compared with the curves of age-specific fertility rate in 2006 and 2011, the one in 2016 shifted significantly to the right. Affected by the selective two-child policy and the universal two-child policy, the proportion of the second parity has increased since 2012, while the trend is opposite for the proportion of the first parity. Since 2011, the sex ratio at birth has declined slightly. For women of childbearing ages, the ideal number of children is 1.96, while the intended number of children is 1.75. The rate of contraceptive use of currently married women of childbearing ages is 84.7%. About 80.8% of children aged 3–5 are enrolled in the kindergarten, 34.9% are in public institutions and 65.1% are in private institutions. The future trend of Chinese fertility is also discussed.

【Keywords】 fertility level; fertility intentions; contraceptive methods; childbearing and parenting services;


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    [1]. Jiang Yu, Zhao Xueqing, Qi Jianan and Han Feng of China Population and Development Research Center also participated in the writing of this essay. [^Back]

    [2]. ① The six surveys were the 1982 national 1% population fertility rate sample survey, the 1988 national fertility and birth control sample survey, the first survey of the national family planning information system in 1992, the 1997 national population and reproductive health survey, the 2001 national family planning/reproductive health survey, and the 2006 national population and family planning survey. [^Back]


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This Article


CN: 11-1489/C

Vol 42, No. 06, Pages 35-45

November 2018


Article Outline


  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Women’s marriage and childbearing status
  • 3 Fertility intentions of women of childbearing age
  • 4 Methods of contraception for women of childbearing age
  • 5 Childbearing and parenting services
  • 6 Summary and review
  • Footnote