Side-by-side Chinese-English

代际交换、责任内化还是利他主义——隔代照料对老年人养老意愿的影响

陶涛1,2 刘雯莉3 孙铭涛3

(1.中国人民大学人口与发展研究中心)
(2.中国人民大学北京社会建设研究院)
(3.中国人民大学社会与人口学院, 北京 100872)

【摘要】文章利用2014年中国老年社会追踪调查数据, 考察老年人的隔代照料行为、代际关系及其对养老意愿的影响。研究发现:第一, 老年人的隔代照料行为存在选择性, 与子女感情越亲近的老年人, 越容易为子女照料孙辈;第二, 老年人的隔代照料行为反过来也会影响老年人与子女之间的代际关系, 随着照料强度的升高, 老年人与子女之间的代际矛盾在扩大, 但这种短期的代际矛盾并不会显著影响老年人的养老意愿;第三, 隔代照料会影响老年人的养老意愿, 提供高强度隔代照料的老年人更倾向于未来与子女同住, 体现出代际交换与家庭责任的相互交织, 而非完全的利他主义;第四, 在隔代照料对老年人养老意愿的影响中, 代际关系没有显著的中介作用和调节作用。

【关键词】 隔代照料;代际关系;养老意愿;代际交换;中介作用;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 中国人民大学科学研究基金 (中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助) 项目成果 (14XNI003) ;

Intergenerational exchange, internalization of responsibility or altruism: the impact of grandchild care on the elderly’s intention for old-age support

TAO Tao1,2 LIU Wenli3 SUN Mingtao3

(1.Population Development Studies Center of Renmin University of China)
(2.School of Social Construction Studies of Renmin University of China)
(3.School of Sociology and Population Studies, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872)

【Abstract】Using data from China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey in 2014, this paper examines the elderly’s intention for old-age support, the intergenerational relationship and the effects of grandchild care. The results are as follows. First, there exists selectivity in the care for grandchildren. The elderly who feel closer to their children are more willing to provide care for grandchildren. Second, grandchild care also affects the relationship between the elderly and their children in turn. As the intensity of care increases, the conflicts between the elderly and their children are increasing. However, these short-term conflicts will not significantly affect the elderly’s intention for old-age support. Third, grandchild care will affect the elderly’s intention for old-age support. Compared with those who provide low-intensity care, the elderly who provide high-intensity care are more likely to live with their children in the future. This suggests that the grandchild care is more of intergenerational exchanges and family responsibilities than a completely altruistic behavior. Finally, intergenerational relationship has no significant mediating or moderating effect on the influence of grandchild care.

【Keywords】 grandchild care; intergenerational relationship; intention for old-age support; intergenerational exchange; mediating effect;

【DOI】

【Funds】 The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, and the Research Funds of Renmin University of China (14XNI003).;

Download this article
    Footnote

    [1]. ① Because of the characteristics of personality of the elderly in China and the traditional idea that “dirty linen should not be washed in public,” they are generally unwilling to express their dissatisfaction with their children in the survey. Therefore, the elderly who choose the options of never, occasionally and sometimes may not necessarily have substantial differences. However, choosing the option of often means to a large extent that there is a relatively large conflict between generations. Although the overall proportion of the elderly who choose this option is low, there are significant differences among different categories, which is the focus of Table 2. [^Back]

    References

    1 Franz S Neuberger & Klaus Haberkern. 2014. Structured Ambivalence in Grandchild care and the Quality of Life among European Grandparents. European Journal of Ageing 2: 171–181.

    2 Luciano Fanti & Luca Gori. 2014. An OLG Model of Growth with Longevity: When Grandparents Take Care of Grandchildren. Portuguese Economic Journal 1: 39–51.

    3 Silverstein M., Stephen J. Conroy, Wang Haitao, Roseann Giarrusso & Vern L. Bengtson. 2002. Reciprocity in Parent-child Relations over the Adult Life Course. The Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences 1: 3–13.

    4 Cheng Zhaowen, Ye Xujingzi and Chen Gong. 2017. Association between Gandparenting, Living Arrangements and Depressive Symptoms among Middle-aged and Older Adults. Population & Development 2: 70–79.

    5 Chen Jianlan. 2010. Desires for Old-age Support of the Empty Nest Elderly and Its Influencing Factors: An Empirical Research Based on the Survey in Suzhou. Population & Development 2: 67–75.

    6 Fei Xiaotong. 1983. The Problem of Old-age Support in the Change of Family Structure: Another Discussion on the Change of Family Structure in China. Journal of Peking University (Philosophy and Social Sciences) 3: 7–16.

    7 Guo Xiaolin. 2014. The Influence of Gandparenting on Cognitive Development among Children: A Longitudinal Study. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology 6: 1072–1076.

    8 Guo Zhigang and Chen Gong. 1998. Analysis of Intergenerational Economic Flows between the Elderly and Children. Population Research 1: 35–39.

    9 He Yuan and Wang Yipan. 2015. Do Skip-generation Raising and International Transfer Lead to Early Retirement of Parents? An Empirical Analysis Using CHARLS Data. Population Research 2: 78–90.

    10 Huang Guogui, Du Peng and Chen Gong. 2016. The Impacts of Children Care on Grandparents’ Health among the Chinese Old People. Population & Development 6: 93–100.

    11 Jin Xiaoyi and Liu Yanjun. 2017. Impact of Grand-parenting on Life Satisfaction of the Rural Elderly: Difference between Migrant and Non-migrant Elderly. Journal of Southeast University (Philosophy and Social Science) 2: 119–129.

    12 Li Fen and Feng Xiaotian. 2016. The Willingness and Influencing Factors of Grandparents’ Care for the Second Grandchildren in Cities. Population & Development 4: 87–96.

    13 Liu Wenrong. 2013. The Group Difference of Attitudes towards Intergenerational Support in Contemporary Families: Discussion on the Culture Basis Change of Feedback Model. Contemporary Youth Research 3: 5–12.

    14 Lu Hongyou, Yu Jinliang and Du Yixuan. 2017. The Influence of Older Parents’ Care-giving Activities on Labor Supply of Adult Children: A Study Based on CFPS. Journal of Finance and Economics 12: 4–16.

    15 Ma Chunhua, Shi Jinqun, Li Yinhe, Wang Zhenyu and Tang Can. 2011. Family Change in Urban China: Main Trends and Latest Findings. Sociological Studies 2: 182–216.

    16 Song Lu and Feng Xue. 2018. Gandparenting: An Analysis Framework from Grandparents’ Perspective. Journal of Shaanxi Normal University (Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition) 1: 83–89.

    17 Song Lu, Li Liang and Li Shuzhuo. 2015. The Impact of Grandchild-Caring on the Intergenerational Ambivalence in Rural China. Journal of Psychological Science 5: 1137–1143.

    18 Song Lu and Li Shuzhuo. 2010. The Impact of Care for Grandchildren on Intergenerational Support of the Elderly in Rural China. Population Journal 2: 35–42.

    19 Sun Juanjuan and Ji Yun. 2016. The Relationship between the Care of Grandchildren and the Attitudes toward Aging among Chinese Older People. Population & Development 4: 79–86.

    20 Sun Juanjuan and Zhang Hangkong. 2013. The Situation and Influencing Factors of Chinese Older People Taking Care of Their Grandchildren. Population & Economics 4: 70–77.

    21 Tang Xiaojing. 2017. Urban Trans-generational Parenting: Institutional Arrangements and It’s Restrictions on the Young Generations’ Parental Role and Emotion. Hebei Academic Journal 1: 160–164.

    22 Wei Hongyao and Zhong Zhangbao. 2016. Inter-Generational Exchange, Filial Piety Culture and Structural Constraints: An Empirical Analysis of Offspring Supporting Behavior. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University (Social Sciences Edition) 1: 144–155.

    23 Xiao Suowei. 2014. “Yan Mu Ci Zu”: The Intergenerational Collaboration and Conflicts in Childrearing among Urban Families in Contemporary China. Sociological Studies 6: 148–171.

    24 Xiao Yaqin. 2017. Health Status of The Elderly Who Provides Inter-generational Care for Grandchildren: An Empirical Study Based on CHARLS. Social Security Studies 1: 33–39.

    25 Xiong Yuegen. 1998. Intergenerational Relationships and Elderly Care in Chinese Urban Families. Chinese Journal of Population Science 6: 16–22.

    26 Yang Fan and Yang Chenggang. 2016. The Effects of Family Structure and Intergenerational Exchange on Individual’s Intention of Old-age Support. Population Journal 1: 68–76.

    27 Yang Juhua and He Zhaohua. 2014. Continuity or Change? Chinese Family in Transitional Era. Population Research 2: 36–51.

    28 Zhang Xinmei. 1999. The Theoretical Background and Hypothesis Deduction of Family Pension Research. Population Journal 1: 58–61.

This Article

ISSN:1000-6087

CN: 11-1489/C

Vol 42, No. 05, Pages 56-67

September 2018

Downloads:2

Share
Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Research background
  • 2 Literature review
  • 3 Data and variables
  • 4 Empirical analysis
  • 5 Summary and discussion
  • Footnote

    References