代际交换、责任内化还是利他主义——隔代照料对老年人养老意愿的影响

陶涛1,2 刘雯莉3 孙铭涛3

(1.中国人民大学人口与发展研究中心)
(2.中国人民大学北京社会建设研究院)
(3.中国人民大学社会与人口学院, 北京 100872)

【摘要】文章利用2014年中国老年社会追踪调查数据, 考察老年人的隔代照料行为、代际关系及其对养老意愿的影响。研究发现:第一, 老年人的隔代照料行为存在选择性, 与子女感情越亲近的老年人, 越容易为子女照料孙辈;第二, 老年人的隔代照料行为反过来也会影响老年人与子女之间的代际关系, 随着照料强度的升高, 老年人与子女之间的代际矛盾在扩大, 但这种短期的代际矛盾并不会显著影响老年人的养老意愿;第三, 隔代照料会影响老年人的养老意愿, 提供高强度隔代照料的老年人更倾向于未来与子女同住, 体现出代际交换与家庭责任的相互交织, 而非完全的利他主义;第四, 在隔代照料对老年人养老意愿的影响中, 代际关系没有显著的中介作用和调节作用。

【关键词】 隔代照料; 代际关系; 养老意愿; 代际交换; 中介作用;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 中国人民大学科学研究基金 (中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助) 项目成果 (14XNI003)

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    脚注

    [1]. (1) 由于中国老年人的性格特点和“家丑不可外扬”的传统思想, 在调查时一般不愿意表达对子女的不满, 因此, 选择“从未”、“偶尔”和“有时候”这几个选项的老年人未必有实质性的差异, 但一旦选择“经常”, 则在很大程度上意味着代际间存在较大的矛盾。尽管选择这一选项的老年人总体比例较低, 但在各类别间差异十分显著, 是表2关注的重点。 [^Back]

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This Article

ISSN:1000-6087

CN: 11-1489/C

Vol 42, No. 05, Pages 56-67

September 2018

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Article Outline

摘要

  • 1 研究背景
  • 2 文献回顾
  • 3 数据与变量
  • 4 实证分析
  • 5总结与讨论
  • 脚注

    参考文献