Changes of the independence in daily living at both the population and the individual levels among the older population in China

LI Qiang1 ZHANG Zhen2

(1.The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies and School of Social Development, East China Normal University)
(2.Institute of Population Research of School of Social Development and Public Policy, Fudan University.)

【Abstract】Based on the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study (CLHLS2002–2011), this study assesses the age trajectories of the loss of independence in daily living for five cohorts aged 65–69, 70–79, 80–89, 90–99 and 100+ at the 2002 survey, respectively, both at the individual and the overall level. Results show that the decline of independence at the overall level is more gradual than that at the individual level. A decomposition analysis further reveals that the difference in the pace of decline of independence can be largely attributed to selective mortality and loss to follow up. Moreover, such difference varies across cohorts. For the population as a whole, a longer life expectancy does not necessarily result in a rapid decline of independence. For individuals, however, prolonging lifespan tend to be accompanied with deterioration of independence except for the young old.

【Keywords】 the elderly; independence in daily living; selective mortality; overall change; individual change;


【Funds】 National Natural Science Foundation of China (71503082, 71473044) Shanghai Fund for Philosophy and Social Science Studies (2013BSH003)

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This Article


CN: 11-1489/C

Vol 42, No. 05, Pages 45-55

September 2018


Article Outline


  • 1 Research background
  • 2 Data and methodology
  • 3 Analysis results
  • 4 Conclusion and discussion
  • References