城市第一代独生子女父母的养老研究

伍海霞1

(1.中国社会科学院人口与劳动经济研究所、老年与家庭研究中心)

【摘要】文章利用2015年五省市城市第一代独生子女家庭状况专项调查数据, 分析了城市第一代老年独生子女父母的家庭养老和入住养老院养老意愿的现状及其影响因素。研究发现, 目前城市第一代独生子女父母的家庭养老支持水平较低, 多数老年独生子女父母处于“自立”养老状态, 尚未面临严重的精神生活与日常照料风险;受教育水平越高、收入越多的独生子女给予父母的经济支持越多;约40%的独生子女父母未来有入住养老院的打算, 亲子同住在提高老年父母家务支持的同时, 也降低了有入住养老院意愿的风险;家庭养老支持对入住机构养老具有一定的替代性, 但社区养老服务对机构养老的替代性尚不明显。

【关键词】 城市第一代独生子女; 家庭养老; 入住养老院意愿; 社区养老服务;

【DOI】

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This Article

ISSN:1000-6087

CN: 11-1489/C

Vol 42, No. 05, Pages 30-44

September 2018

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  • 1 问题的提出
  • 2 文献综述与分析框架
  • 3 数据与方法
  • 4 结果与讨论
  • 5 结论和讨论
  • 参考文献