新时期避孕模式的演变 (2010~2016)

邹艳辉1 刘鸿雁1 王晖1

(1.中国人口与发展研究中心)

【摘要】21世纪以来, 人们的生育意愿、生育行为均发生了很大的变化, 与其相关的避孕节育措施的使用也同时发生了改变。文章通过分析20102016年全国及分省已婚育龄妇女避孕率、避孕构成等数据, 对新时期避孕模式的变化以及避孕方法使用与人工流产的关系进行讨论。分析发现, 新时期, 尤其是生育政策调整完善以后, 避孕构成发生显著变化, 宫内节育器呈现下降趋势, 绝育所占比重下降明显, 避孕套所占比重显著上升。特别是2015年底全面两孩生育政策实施后, 避孕套构成的变化更为明显。我国各地区的避孕构成有其各自的特点, 这与各地计划生育规定和实施力度不同有密切的关系。进一步分析发现, 随着长效避孕方法降低、短效方法上升, 人工流产发生的风险显著提升。

【关键词】 生育政策完善; 避孕模式; 避孕构成;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家社科基金重大项目“中国人口数据综合集成应用平台建设 (1949~2015) ” (基金号:16ZDA089)

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    脚注

    [1]. (1) 变化率率以“ (当年构成-前一年构成) /前一年构成”表示。 [^Back]

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This Article

ISSN:1000-6087

CN: 11-1489/C

Vol 42, No. 05, Pages 3-16

September 2018

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Article Outline

摘要

  • 1 引言
  • 2 数据和方法
  • 3 分析结果
  • 4 结论与讨论
  • 脚注

    参考文献