The influences of “downward” intergenerational support on mental health of the urban and rural elderly in China: the moderating effects of cognitive evaluation

SUN Juanjuan1 JI Yun2,3

(1.Center for Population and Development Studies, Institute of Gerontology, Renmin University of China)
(2.Department of Psychology, Langfang Teachers University)
(3.Institute of Gerontology, Renmin University of China)

【Abstract】Based on 2014 China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey, this paper adopts linear regression models to explore how the “giving” behavior of the elderly has affected their mental health and how their cognitive evaluation has moderated the relationship between the support behavior and mental health. The results show that, giving financial and housework support to adult children is positively correlated to their mental health, but such support has negative effects on their mental health in the case of excessive demands from adult children. The cognitive evaluation of the urban elderly significantly moderates the influence direction of taking care of grandchildren on their mental health, while that of the rural elderly significantly moderates the influence direction of “downward” financial support on their mental health. The results also support the ABC Emotion Theory. Therefore, under the background of advocating active ageing and improving the elderly’ s role in the family, it is important to alleviate the burden of taking care of grandchildren for the urban elderly and ease the burden of financial support for the rural elderly, in order to maintain their mental health.

【Keywords】 the elderly; family; intergenerational support; mental health; cognitive evaluation;

【DOI】

【Funds】 National Natural Science Foundation of China (71490731); National Social Science Foundation of China (13CRK010);

Download this article

(Translated by GENG yuanjie)

    References

    1 Chao RCL, Wei M, Good G E, et al. 2011. Race/Ethnicity, Color-Blind Racial Attitudes, and Multicultural Counseling Competence: The Moderating Effects of Multicultural Counseling Training. Journal of Counseling Psychology 1: 72–82.

    2 Chen X and Silverstein M. 2000. Intergenerational Social Support and the Psychological Well-being of Older Parents in China. Research on Aging 1: 43–65.

    3 Cong Z and Silverstein M. 2008. Intergenerational Time for Money Exchanges in Rural China: Does Reciprocity Reduce Depressive Symptoms of Older Grandparents? Research in Human Development 1: 6–25.

    4 Lee Y J and Xiao Z. 1998. Children’s Support for Elderly Parents in Urban and Rural China: Results from a National Survey. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology 1: 39–62.

    5 Robin L., Lumsdaine, Stephanie J. C. Vermeer. 2015. Retirement Timing of Women and the Role of Care Responsibilities for Grandchildren. Demography 52: 433–454.

    6 Schwarz B, Albert I, Trommsdorff G, et al. 2010. Intergenerational Support and Life Satisfaction: A Comparison of Chinese, Indonesian, and German Elderly Mothers. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 41: 706–722.

    7 Silverstein M, Conroy SJ, Wang H. et al. 2002. Reciprocity in Parent-child Relations over the Adult Life Course. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences 1: 3–13.

    8 Tian Q. 2016. Intergeneration Social Support Affects the Subjective Well-being of the Elderly: Mediator Roles of Self-esteem and Loneliness. Journal of Health Psychology 6: 1137–1144.

    9 Zhang W and Chen M. 2014. Psychological Distress of Older Chinese: Exploring the Roles of Activities, Social Support, and Subjective Social Status. Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology 1: 37–51.

    10 Cui Ye and Jin Xiaoyi. 2016. The Effect of Family Intergenerational Relationship on Rural Migrant Parents’ Psychological Welfare. Chinese Rural Economy 6: 15–29.

    11 Jiang Hongbo. 2008. A Tentative Exploration into the Post-disaster Psychological Aid System for Volunteers. Journal of Southwest Jiao Tong University (Social Sciences) 4: 35–38.

    12 Mu Guangzong. 2002. Traditions and Changes of Family Support for the Elderly: A Comparative Study from East and South East Asia. Hualing Press.

    13 Qiao Xiaochun, Zhang Kaiti, Sun Lujun et al. 2006. Characteristics of Chinese Elderly Poverty Population. Population Journal 4: 3–8.

    14 Song Lu and Li Shuzhuo. 2006. Intergenerational Transition and Its Influence on Health of the Elderly in Rural China: A Study of Gender Differences across Generations. Collection of Women’s Studies 4: 14–20.

    15 Song Lu, Li Shuzhuo and Zhang Wenjuan. 2006. Effects of Intergenerational Support on the Self-related Health among Rural Elderly. Chinese Journal of Gerontology 11: 1453–1455.

    16 Tang Jinquan. 2016. Intergenerational Support and the Subjective Well-being of the Elderly: An Analysis Based on the Age Difference. South China Population 2: 60–70.

    17 Zhang Zhijie. 2015. Psychology of the Aged. Southwestern Normal University Press.

This Article

ISSN:1000-6087

CN: 11-1489/C

Vol 41, No. 06, Pages 98-109

November 2017

Downloads:0

Share
Article Outline

Knowledge

Abstract

  • 1 Theoretical foundation and literature review
  • 2 Data and variable
  • 3 Analysis result
  • 4 Conclusion and discussion
  • References