The demands of old-age care and the family and social resources for the Chinese elderly: a study based on 2014 China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey

DU Peng 1,2 SUN Juanjuan 1 ZHANG Wenjuan 1 WANG Xuehui 2

(1.Population Development Studies Center, Renmin University of China )
(2.Institute of Gerontology, Renmin University of China )

【Abstract】Based on 2014 China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey, this paper explores the principal demands of old-age care for the Chinese elderly through analyzing their physical and mental health, economic status, social participation, and expectations for old-age support. This paper further examines aged people’s family resources such as their family size, family structure, living arrangements and children’s situations, and their social resources such as social security, medical and health services, facilities and social services. The results show that 47.53% of the Chinese elderly are living in the empty nest family.12.54% of the elderly need to be taken care of at different levels. Pension levels still vary considerably among different regions, although the economic independence of the elderly has been improved. Welfare such as the oldest-old allowance and preferential treatment for the elderly has progressed remarkably. However, there are big differences between urban and rural areas in terms of the coverage of the old-age care institutions and facilities.

【Keywords】 the elderly ; demands of old-age care ; family support for the elderly ; social support for the elderly ; aging;


【Funds】 the Research Funds of Renmin University of China 985 Special Fund National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 71490731)

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(Translated by HAN Xueting)


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This Article


CN: 11-1489/C

Vol 40, No. 06, Pages 49-61

November 2016


Article Outline



  • 1 Literature review and research questions
  • 2 About the survey data
  • 3 Outstanding needs of the elderly in China
  • 4 Current situation of the family support resources
  • 5 Current situation of social support resources
  • 6 Conclusions and suggestions
  • References