The quantitative study of relationships between grandparenting and health outcome and implications for public policy
(2.School of Social Development and Public Policy, Fudan University, Shanghai, China 200433)
【Abstract】Grandparenting is an important topic in the intergeneration studies in the Chinese context, and becomes the influential factor for the elderly and family social welfare policy at the state level. The study between the grandparenting and health outcome has got increasing attention among the Chinese scholars. The quantitative studies, however, are relatively new. The existing quantitative studies are inconsistent, which results to the limited public policy implication as well. This study, therefore, is trying to fill this gap. The research findings include but are not limited to the following content. The health outcomes of grandparenting are influenced by the intensity of this activity, the character of children (the middle generation), the living arrangement and the prevalence chronic disease, and are different depending on the conditions. The interaction effects among education attainment, gender of caregivers and the number of the alive children have the mediation effect on the health outcome. The application of the instrumental variable (whether having the social welfare specialized for elderly population) has overcome the endogenous problem. Based on the above findings, this paper promotes the policy implications from the following perspectives: generational relationship, social gender, and the social function of marriage of the elderly caregivers.
【Keywords】 grandparenting; physical and mental health; intergenerational support; public policy;
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