The flow direction selection of the new generation of highly educated floating population and the influence mechanism of the selection

YANG Xue1 FAN Mingjun1

(1.Center for Northeast Asian Studies of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China 130012)

【Abstract】In recent years, with the rapid development of economy and the advancement of urbanization, the composition of floating population tends to be diversified. The new-generation highly educated floating population represented by the post-80s and the post-90s keeps increasing, compared with ordinary floating population. This group has stronger competitiveness and higher level of human capital in the labor market. In the context of competition for talents in the new era, the new-generation highly educated group has gradually become the foundation and fundamental driving force for regional development. As a young creative class, this group’s choice of future flow direction has an important impact on promoting the rapid development of urban economy, improving the level of national income, and optimizing the rational allocation of human resources and other aspects. This paper uses the data of dynamic monitoring survey of floating population in 2017 collected by the National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People’s Republic of China to analyze the migration choice of the highly educated migrants. The study found that this group mainly gathered in the five regions of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Jiangsu-Zhejiang-Shanghai, Guangdong-Fujian-Guangxi, Sichuan-Chongqing-Guizhou, and Shanxi-Anhui-Henan. Based on the dual economy theory, human capital theory, and new labor migration theory, this paper uses multiple Logistic regression model to analyze and summarize the multi-dimensional characteristics of this group and the influence of various factors which have an effect on the flow direction selection of the highly educated floating population from the perspective of individual, migration and economy.The results show that individual factors, flow factors and economic factors have significant influence on their choice of flow direction. The number of the family members has the highest influence on the flow direction of the selected area, followed by the nature of household registration. Gender has a significant but weak influence on the flow choice of the new generation of highly educated floating population. The flow range has the most significant influence on the choice of flow direction in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region and Jiangsu-Zhejiang-Shanghai region. Economic factors have a particularly significant impact on the flow choice of the new generation of highly educated floating population. In regions with developed economy and high monthly income, the effect of talent aggregation is more obvious.

【Keywords】 highly educated; new generation of migrant population; migration choice; multiple Logistic regression model;

【DOI】

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(Translated by ZHU Jie)

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This Article

ISSN:1004-129X

CN: 22-1017/C

Vol 41, No. 06, Pages 64-77

November 2019

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Theoretical basis and literature review
  • 2 Research design
  • 3 An analysis of the basic characteristics of the new-generation highly educated floating population
  • 4 Analysis on the influence mechanism of the flow direction selection of the new-generation highly educated floating population
  • 5 Research conclusions and discussions
  • References