丧偶对老年人孤独感的影响:基于家庭支持的视角

赵晓航1 李建新2

(1.香港中文大学社会学系, 香港特别行政区 999077)
(2.北京大学社会学系, 北京 100871)

【摘要】文章运用2002年至2014年五期“中国老年健康长寿因素追踪调查”(CLHLS)数据,探讨中国老年人晚年丧偶和孤独感之间的因果关系以及家庭支持在老年人的丧偶和孤独感之间所发挥的调节作用。文章使用个体固定效应模型清除不随时间变化的不可观测因素,从而降低模型估计的遗漏变量偏误。研究结果表明:第一,无论对于老年男性还是老年女性,丧偶都会显著提高其孤独感水平,丧偶对于年纪更轻的老年人具有更严重的影响。随着时间的推移,丧偶对老年人孤独感的影响会相应减弱。第二,在丧偶之后,再婚有利于降低老年人的孤独感水平。在控制了其他因素后,再婚老年人的孤独感水平显著低于近期丧偶和长期丧偶的老年人,而与初婚老年人相比没有显著差异。第三,与子女、孙辈同住有利于抑制丧偶老年人的孤独感。从长期来看,“三代同堂”的居住格局最有利于降低丧偶老年人的孤独感。第四,向子女提供经济支持会提高近期丧偶老年女性的孤独感水平,而子女提供经济支持对于丧偶老年人孤独感的作用不显著。文章揭示了重建和改善家庭支持对于保护丧偶老年人精神健康的重要意义,指出再婚、与子女同住和减少子女的“啃老”行为等可能有助于降低丧偶老年人的孤独感。

【关键词】 丧偶; 孤独; 家庭支持; 老年人;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家自然科学基金重大项目:健康老龄化——老年人口健康影响因素及有效干预的基础科学问题研究(71490732)

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    脚注

    [1]. (1)我们利用Stata命令lincom进行了系数的线性组合(Linear combination)显著性水平检验,下同。 [^Back]

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This Article

ISSN:1004-129X

CN: 22-1017/C

Vol 41, No. 06, Pages 30-43

November 2019

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Article Outline

摘要

  • 一、引言
  • 二、文献回顾与研究假设
  • 三、数据、变量和方法
  • 四、实证结果
  • 五、结论与讨论
  • 脚注

    参考文献