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我国女性流动人口职业选择的影响因素分析

侯建明1 关乔1 杨小艺1

(1.吉林大学东北亚研究中心, 吉林长春 130012)

【摘要】随着改革开放的不断深入和社会经济的不断发展, 我国流动人口的规模和结构也发生了很大的变化。原国家卫计委发布的《中国流动人口发展报告2017》显示, 虽然我国流动人口的规模连续第二年出现下降, 但是女性流动人口的比例却逐渐增加, 越来越多的女性人口加入流动人口的行列, 积极参与社会生产活动, 为全国各地区经济社会发展做出了巨大贡献。如何解决女性流动人口的就业问题是我国现阶段面临的现实问题。本研究在对我国女性流动人口的基本特征进行描述的基础上分析女性流动人口的主要就业特征, 从个体特征、流动特征和社会特征三个方面出发, 利用统计分析软件对影响女性流动人口职业选择的影响因素进行实证分析。有序引导我国女性流动人口就业不仅要加快产业升级, 提供更多的就业岗位, 还需提升女性流动人口的自身综合素质, 拓展更多的就业渠道和职业选择。

【关键词】 女性人口;流动人口;就业;职业选择;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家社会科学基金一般项目:“人的城镇化”理论与制度创新研究 (14BRK035) ;

Analysis of occupational choice on influential factors of female migrants in China

HOU Jianming1 GUAN Qiao1 YANG Xiaoyi1

(1.Center for Northeast Asian Studies, Jilin University, Changchun, Province, China 130012)

【Abstract】With the deepening of reform and opening, as well as the continuous development of social economy, great changes have taken place in the scale and structure of Chinese migrant population. According to Report on China’s Migrant Population Development 2017, the scale of the whole migrant population has declined consecutively in the second year. However, the proportion of female migrants has gradually increased. In other words, more and more women have joined the groups of the migrant population and participated in social production actively, which makes great contributions to the economic and social development in all regions of China. Currently, how to solve employment of female migrants is a realistic problem in China. Based on the description of the basic characteristics of female migrants in China, this paper analyzed the main employment characteristics, and made an empirical analysis of the influencing factors of occupational choice from three aspects. In the end, this paper provides suggestions for promoting employment of Chinese female migrants, making reasonable occupational choices and making full use of female human resources.

【Keywords】 female; migrant population; employment; occupational choice;

【DOI】

【Funds】 General Project of National Social Science Fund of China (14BRK035);

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    References

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This Article

ISSN:1004-129X

CN: 22-1017/C

Vol 41, No. 01, Pages 69-79

January 2019

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Basic characteristics of China’s female migrants
  • 3 Analysis on employment characteristics of female migrants in China
  • 4 Analysis of factors affecting occupation choices of female migrants in China
  • 5 Conclusions and discussion
  • References