Analysis of gender difference on influential factors of second-child fertility anxiety among subjects of childbearing age
【Abstract】Based on the data analysis of the influence of the universal two-child policy on female fertility behavior conducted by the Institute of Gender and Culture of Changchun Normal University, this paper analyzed the influential factors of the second-child fertility anxiety among subjects of childbearing age. The combination of qualitative and quantitative methods was used. First, the qualitative methods are used to explore the influential factors of the second-child fertility anxiety. And then, a quantitative analysis was conducted on the regulating effect of gender from the aspects of direct cost, indirect cost, fertility concept and gender preference. Research results showed that the direct cost and gender of the first child had significant impacts on second-child fertility anxiety in the overall model. The direct cost had the greatest impact on second-child fertility anxiety, and gender had no regulating effect on the direct cost and gender of the first child. Both of them had similar important impacts on two-child anxiety, whatever male or female. The regulating effect of gender offset the impact of indirect cost and fertility concept on second-child fertility anxiety. The indirect cost had a higher impact on males’ second-child fertility anxiety than females’. The fertility concept had a significant impact on females’ second-child anxiety, but had no significant impact on males’.
【Keywords】 subject of childbearing age; universal two-child policy; second-child fertility anxiety;
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