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育龄主体二孩生育焦虑影响因素的性别差异分析

闫玉1 张竞月1

(1.长春师范大学性别文化研究所, 吉林长春 130052)

【摘要】本文基于长春师范大学性别文化研究所“‘二孩政策’对女性生育行为的影响调查”数据分析育龄主体二孩生育焦虑的影响因素。采用质性与量化相结合的序列混合方法, 首先使用质性分析方法对二孩生育焦虑的影响因素进行探索性分析, 再分别从生育的直接成本、间接成本、生育观念和性别偏好几个方面量化分析性别的调节作用。研究结果显示直接成本和一孩性别在整体模型中对二孩生育焦虑有显著的影响。直接成本对二孩生育焦虑的影响程度最大, 性别对直接成本和一孩性别没有产生调节作用, 二者对男性和女性二孩生育焦虑都具有同等重要的影响。性别作用抵消了间接成本和生育观念对二孩生育焦虑的影响, 间接成本对男性二孩生育焦虑的影响高于女性。生育观念对女性二孩生育焦虑有显著影响, 但对男性没有显著影响。

【关键词】 育龄主体;“全面二孩”政策;二孩生育焦虑;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 吉林省教育厅“十三五”社会科学项目:吉林省边疆地区人口迁移对女性生育行为的影响研究 (JJKH20181191SK) ;

Analysis of gender difference on influential factors of second-child fertility anxiety among subjects of childbearing age

YAN Yu1 ZHANG Jingyue1

(1.Institute of Gender and Culture, Changchun Normal University, Jilin Changchun, China 130052)

【Abstract】Based on the data analysis of the influence of the universal two-child policy on female fertility behavior conducted by the Institute of Gender and Culture of Changchun Normal University, this paper analyzed the influential factors of the second-child fertility anxiety among subjects of childbearing age. The combination of qualitative and quantitative methods was used. First, the qualitative methods are used to explore the influential factors of the second-child fertility anxiety. And then, a quantitative analysis was conducted on the regulating effect of gender from the aspects of direct cost, indirect cost, fertility concept and gender preference. Research results showed that the direct cost and gender of the first child had significant impacts on second-child fertility anxiety in the overall model. The direct cost had the greatest impact on second-child fertility anxiety, and gender had no regulating effect on the direct cost and gender of the first child. Both of them had similar important impacts on two-child anxiety, whatever male or female. The regulating effect of gender offset the impact of indirect cost and fertility concept on second-child fertility anxiety. The indirect cost had a higher impact on males’ second-child fertility anxiety than females’. The fertility concept had a significant impact on females’ second-child anxiety, but had no significant impact on males’.

【Keywords】 subject of childbearing age; universal two-child policy; second-child fertility anxiety;

【DOI】

【Funds】 “13th Five-Year Plan” Social Science Project of the Education Department of Jilin Province (JJKH20181191SK);

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This Article

ISSN:1004-129X

CN: 22-1017/C

Vol 41, No. 01, Pages 20-30

January 2019

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Literature review
  • 3 Data samples and research methods
  • 4 Qualitative analysis and results
  • 5 Quantitative analysis and results
  • 6 Conclusions and discussion
  • References